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High Temperature Properties and Decomposition of Inorganic Salts

By Stem, Kurt H.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000659831
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 4.38 MB.
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: High Temperature Properties and Decomposition of Inorganic Salts  
Author: Stem, Kurt H.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Technology., Reference materials, Technology and literature
Collections: Techonology eBook Collection
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Stem, K. H. (n.d.). High Temperature Properties and Decomposition of Inorganic Salts. Retrieved from http://community.worldlibrary.in/


Description
Technical Reference Publication

Excerpt
Introduction: Volumetric characteristics (such as solution density, apparent molal volumes. ionic apparent volumes, etc.) of multiple-solute electrolyte solutions in a wide range of solute concentrations and solution temperatures are of fundamental importance for the understanding of numerous physicochemical processes occurring in various branches of the chemical industry as well as in the natural environment. The most important application of the volumetric solution properties is in calculating the pressure effects on the ionic activity coefficients, the osmotic coefficients, the mineral solubility, etc., in complex electrolyte solutions. The theoretical model which allows the prediction of various thermodynamic properties of multiple solute electrolyte solutions by using so-called ion interaction parameters, calculated from the appropriate experimental data for single-solute electrolyte solutions and for ternary solutions. Among such properties are solution density and apparent molal volumes of solutes.

Table of Contents
Contents 1. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.3 8 1.1. Comments on Polymer Solubility . . . . . .6 38 1.2. PolymerfSolvent Phase Diagrams. . . . . . .6 38 2 . Literature Surveyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 40 3 . The Fitting of Polymer/Solvent Dernixing Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 41 3.1. Phase Behavior in (T, P,X ) Space . . . . . .6 41 3.2. Least-Squares Representation in the ( Tc, X ) Projection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4 2 4 . Solvent Groups: Remarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 644 4.1. Acetates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 644 4.2. Alcohols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 645 4.3. Alkanes and Some Derivatives . . . . . . . . . 645 4.4. Alkenes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 45 4.5. Benzene and its Derivatives . . . . . . . . . .6.4 5 4.6. Esters (other than formates and acetates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4 5 4.7. Ethers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 645 4.8. Formates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 645 4.9. Heterocyclics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4 5 4.10. Ketones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 45 4.1 1 . Terpenes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.5 2 4.12. Other Compounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653 5 . Solubility and Solvent Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653 5.1. Correlations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653 5.2. Delnixing from Two Componcllt Solvents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 659 6 . Summary and Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 59 7 . Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.6 0 8. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 60 'Permanent address: Institute for Atomic Energy Research . POB 49 . H.1525 . Budapest . Hungary . b'~uthotro whom correspondence should be addressed. 01996 by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the United States . All rizhts reserved . This copyright is assigned to the American Institute of Physics and the American Chemical Society . Reprints available from ACS; see Reprints List at back of issue . List of Tables 1. Solvents and CAS registry numbers . . . . . . . .6 39 2 . Theta-temperatures of PS solutions . . . . . . . . 6. 4 3 Footnotes employed in Tables 3 12 . . . . . . . .6 16 3. PS in methyl acetate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4 6 4 . PS in ethyl acetate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4 6 5 . PS in n-propyl acetate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 646 6 . PS in i-propyl acetate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4 6 7 . PS in n-butyl acetate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 646 8. PS in i-butyl acetate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4 6 9 . PS in t-butyl acetate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4 7 10. PS in n-pentyl acetate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4 7 11 . PS in n-hexyl acetate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 647 12. PS in i-amyl acetate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4 7 13. PS in cyclohexanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4 7 14 . PS in n-hexane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 647 15. PS in n-heptane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4 7 16 . PS in n-octane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 647 17 . PS in cyclopenfane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 647 18. PS in cyclohexane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4 8 13. PS in dcutcrntcd cyclohcxanc . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4 9 20 . PS in cycloheptane. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4 9 21 . PS in cyclooctane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 649 22 . PS in cyclodecane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 649 23 . PS in methylcyclopentane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 649 24 . PS in deuterated methylcyclopentane . . . . . . .6 49 25 . PS in methylcyclohexane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 50 26 . PS in 1,4 dimerhylcyclohexane . . . . . . . . . . .6.5 0 27 . PS in ethylcyclohexane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 650 28 . PS in trans-decalin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 650 29 . PSinbenzene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 5 0 30 . PS in toluene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 51 3 1 . PS in diethylmalonate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651 32 . PS in diethyloxalate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651 33 PS in ethyl-n-butyrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651 34 . PS in diethylether. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 51 35 . PS in dioctylphthalate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651 36 . PS in ethylformate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651 37 . PS in acetone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651 0047.2689/96/25(2)/637/25/$12.00 637 J . Phys . Chem . Ref . Data, Vol . 25. No . 2. 1996

 

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