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United States Senate election, 1964

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United States Senate election, 1964

United States Senate elections, 1964
United States
width="" colspan=4 |
1962 ←
November 3, 1964
→ 1966
width="" colspan=4 |

width="" colspan = 4 style="text-align: center" | 35 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate
51 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Leader Mike Mansfield Everett Dirksen
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Montana Illinois
Last election 66 seats 34 seats
Seats won 68 32
Seat change Increase 2 Decrease 2
Popular vote 30,217,130 22,654,661
Percentage 56.3% 42.2%
Swing Increase 5.9% Decrease 6.8%
width="" style="text-align: center" colspan=4 |

width="" colspan=4 style="text-align: center" |
  Republican hold
  Republican gain
  Democratic hold
  Democratic gain
width="" colspan=4 |
Majority Leader before election

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

Elected Majority Leader

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

The United States Senate election in 1964 coincided with the election of President Lyndon B. Johnson by an overwhelming majority. His Democratic Party picked up a net two seats from the Republicans. As of 2012, this is the last time either party has had a two-thirds majority in the Senate, although with a Democratic president the ability to override a veto or to impeach a President was not particularly relevant. However, since invoking cloture still required a two-thirds majority, the Democratic majority was able to overcome any filibuster, providing that party loyalty held. (As it did not in the case of civil rights bills.)

Compared to the devastating House races, Republican losses in the Senate were relatively few. This was because only nine of the 35 seats up for election had Republican incumbents.

Notably, of the 34 seats up for election this year, 25 of them were held by Democrats, who managed to retain 24 of them and pick up a net of two seats in the process. This was despite their large advantage in this class, which generally favours the opposing party. This was almost certainly in large part thanks to Johnson's landslide re-election victory that year. This would not happen again until 48 years later, in 2012. In that election, the Democrats held 23 of the 33 seats up for election, and retained 22 of them while also picking up two seats from the Republicans. This also happened to be exactly the same class from this year.

Change in Senate composition

Senate composition before the elections

D10 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1
D11 D12 D13 D14 D15 D16 D17 D18 D19 D20
D30 D29 D28 D27 D26 D25 D24 D23 D22 D21
D31 D32 D33 D34 D35 D36 D37 D38 D39 D40
| D50 | D49 | D48 | D47 | D46 | D45 | D44 | D43 | D42 | D41
rowspan=2 | D51 ← Majority
| D52 | D53 | D54 | D55 | D56 | D57 | D58 | D59 | D60
| R31 | R32 | R33 | R34 | D66 | D65 | D64 | D63 | D62 | D61
| R30 | R29 | R28 | R27 | R26 R25 R24 R23 R22 R21
R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 R18 R19 R20
R10 R9 R8 R7 R6 R5 R4 R3 R2 R1

Senate composition as a result of the elections

D10 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1
D11 D12 D13 D14 D15 D16 D17 D18 D19 D20
D30 D29 D28 D27 D26 D25 D24 D23 D22 D21
D31 D32 D33 D34 D35 D36 D37 D38 D39 D40
| D50 | D49 | D48 | D47 | D46 | D45 | D44 | D43 | D42 | D41
rowspan=2 | D51 ← Majority
| D52 | D53 | D54 | D55 | D56 | D57 | D58 | D59 | D60
| R31O | R32+ | D68+ | D67+ | D66+ | D65O | D64O | D63 | D62 | D61
| R30 | R29 | R28 | R27 | R26 R25 R24 R23 R22 R21
R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 R18 R19 R20
R10 R9 R8 R7 R6 R5 R4 R3 R2 R1
Key:
D Democratic
R Republican
 
Incumbent re-elected or appointee elected to finish term
O Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ Party gain: New senator elected from different party

Retirements

Republicans replaced by Republicans

  1. Arizona: Barry Goldwater retired to run for President. He was replaced by Paul Fannin (R)

Democrats replaced by Democrats

  1. Tennessee (Class 2): Appointee Herbert S. Walters (D) was replaced by Ross Bass (D)

Incumbents who lost elections

Democrats lost to Republicans

  1. California: Appointee Pierre Salinger (D) lost to George Murphy (R) for the next term

Democrats lost to Democrats

  1. Oklahoma (Class 2): Appointee J. Howard Edmondson (D) lost nomination to Fred R. Harris (D), who won the general election

Republicans lost to Democrats

  1. Maryland: James Glenn Beall (R) lost to Joseph D. Tydings (D)
  2. New Mexico: Edwin L. Mechem (R) lost to Joseph M. Montoya (D)
  3. New York: Kenneth B. Keating (R) lost to Robert F. Kennedy (D)

Other races

In a close race in Nevada, Democratic incumbent Howard Cannon won re-election over Republican Lieutenant Governor Paul Laxalt by fewer than 100 votes.

Subsequent gains

  1. Michigan: Patrick V. McNamara (D) died April 30, 1966, and was replaced May 11, 1966 by appointee Robert P. Griffin (R).

Complete list of races

Bold state indicates a separate article on that election.

Bold candidate indicates the winner.

State Incumbent Party Result Other candidates
Arizona Barry Goldwater Republican Retired
Republican hold
Paul Fannin (Republican) 51.4%
Roy Elson (Democratic) 48.6%
California Pierre Salinger Democratic Appointee lost election to next term
Republican gain
George Murphy (Republican) 51.5%
Pierre Salinger (Democratic) 48.5%
Connecticut Thomas J. Dodd Democratic Re-elected Thomas J. Dodd (Democratic) 64.6%
John Davis Lodge (Republican) 35.3%
Delaware John J. Williams Republican Re-elected John J. Williams (Republican) 51.7%
Elbert N. Carvel (Democratic) 48.3%
Hollon (Socialist Labor) 0.03%
Florida Spessard Holland Democratic Re-elected Spessard Holland (Democratic) 63.9%
Claude R. Kirk, Jr. (Republican) 36.0%
Hawaii Hiram L. Fong Republican Re-elected Hiram L. Fong (Republican) 53.0%
Thomas P. Gill (Democratic) 46.4%
Lawrence Domine (Independent) 0.6%
Indiana Vance Hartke Democratic Re-elected Vance Hartke (Democratic) 54.3%
D. Russell Bontrager (Republican) 45.3%
J. Ralston Miller (Prohibition) 0.3%
Casimer Kanczuzewski (Socialist Labor) 0.06%
Maine Edmund S. Muskie Democratic Re-elected Edmund S. Muskie (Democratic) 66.6%
Clifford McIntire (Republican) 33.4%
Maryland James Glenn Beall Republican Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Joseph D. Tydings (Democratic) 62.8%
James Glenn Beall (Republican) 37.2%
Massachusetts Ted Kennedy Democratic Re-elected Ted Kennedy (Democratic) 74.3%
Howard Whitmore, Jr. (Republican) 25.4%
Lawrence Gilfedder (Socialist Labor) 0.2%
Grace F. Luder (Prohibition) 0.1%
Michigan Philip A. Hart Democratic Re-elected Philip A. Hart (Democratic) 64.4%
Elly M. Petersen (Republican) 35.3%
Ernest C. Smith (Freedom Now) 0.1%
Evelyn Sell (Socialist Workers) 0.09%
James Sim (Socialist Labor) 0.05%
Minnesota Eugene McCarthy Democratic Re-elected Eugene McCarthy (Democratic) 60.3%
Wheelock Whitney (Republican) 39.3%
William Braatz (Industrial Government) 0.3%
Everett E. Luoma (Socialist Workers) 0.1%
Mississippi John C. Stennis Democratic Re-elected John C. Stennis (Democratic) unopposed
Missouri Stuart Symington Democratic Re-elected Stuart Symington (Democratic) 66.6%
Jean P. Bradshaw (Republican) 33.4%
Montana Mike Mansfield Democratic Re-elected Mike Mansfield (Democratic) 64.5%
Alex Blewett (Republican) 35.5%
Nebraska Roman L. Hruska Republican Re-elected Roman L. Hruska (Republican) 61.4%
Raymond W. Arndt (Democratic) 38.6%
Nevada Howard W. Cannon Democratic Re-elected Howard W. Cannon (Democratic) 50.0%
Paul Laxalt (Republican) 50.0%
New Jersey Harrison A. Williams, Jr. Democratic Re-elected Harrison A. Williams, Jr. (Democratic) 61.9%
Bernard M. Shanley (Republican) 37.3%
New Mexico Edwin L. Mechem Republican Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Joseph M. Montoya (Democratic) 54.7%
Edwin L. Mechem (Republican) 45.3%
New York Kenneth B. Keating Republican Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Robert F. Kennedy (Democratic) 53.5%
Kenneth B. Keating (Republican) 43.4%
North Dakota Quentin N. Burdick Democratic Re-elected Quentin N. Burdick (Democratic) 57.6%
Thomas S. Kleppe (Republican) 42.4%
Ohio Stephen M. Young Democratic Re-elected Stephen M. Young (Democratic) 50.2%
Robert A. Taft, Jr. (Republican) 49.8%
Oklahoma
Special: Class 2
J. Howard Edmondson Democratic Appointee lost nomination to finish term
Democratic hold
Fred R. Harris (Democratic) 51.2%
Bud Wilkinson (Republican) 48.8%
Pennsylvania Hugh Scott Republican Re-elected Hugh Scott (Republican) 50.6%
Genevieve Blatt (Democratic) 49.1%
Rhode Island John O. Pastore Democratic Re-elected John O. Pastore (Democratic) 82.7%
Ronald R. Lagueux (Republican)
Tennessee Albert Gore, Sr. Democratic Re-elected Albert Gore, Sr. (Democratic) 53.6%
Dan H. Kuykendall (Republican) 46.4%
Tennessee
Special: Class 2
Herbert S. Walters Democratic Appointee retired
Democratic hold
Ross Bass (Democratic) 52.1%
Howard H. Baker, Jr. (Republican) 47.4%
Texas Ralph Yarborough Democratic Re-elected Ralph Yarborough (Democratic) 56.2%
George H. W. Bush (Republican) 43.6%
Utah Frank E. Moss Democratic Re-elected Frank E. Moss (Democratic) 57.3%
Ernest L. Wilkinson (Republican) 42.7%
Vermont Winston L. Prouty Republican Re-elected Winston L. Prouty (Republican) 53.5%
Frederick J. Fayette (Democratic) 46.5%
Virginia Harry F. Byrd Democratic Re-elected Harry F. Byrd (Democratic) 63.8%
Richard A. May (Republican) 19.0%
James W. Respess (Independent) 10.3%
Washington Henry M. Jackson Democratic Re-elected Henry M. Jackson (Democratic) 72.2%
Lloyd J. Andrews (Republican) 27.8%
West Virginia Robert C. Byrd Democratic Re-elected Robert C. Byrd (Democratic) 67.7%
Cooper P. Benedict (Republican) 32.3%
Wisconsin William Proxmire Democratic Re-elected William Proxmire (Democratic) 53.3%
Wilbur N. Renk (Republican) 46.6%
Wyoming Gale McGee Democratic Re-elected Gale McGee (Democratic) 54.0%
John S. Wold (Republican) 46.0%

See also

External links

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