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United States House of Representatives elections in Texas, 2012

United States House of Representatives elections in Texas, 2012

November 6, 2012

All 36 Texas seats to the United States House of Representatives
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Republican Democratic
Seats before 23 9
Seats won 24 12
Seat change Increase1 Increase3
Popular vote 4,429,270 2,949,900
Percentage 57.7% 38.4%
Swing Decrease6.7% Increase7.9%

The 2012 United States House of Representatives elections in Texas were held on Tuesday, November 6, 2012 to elect the 36 U.S. Representatives from the state of Texas—an increase of four seats in reapportionment following the 2010 United States Census. The elections coincided with the elections of other federal and state offices, including a quadrennial presidential election and an election for the U.S. Senate. The primary election was originally scheduled to be held on March 6, 2012, with a runoff election on May 22; due to redistricting issues, the primary was postponed to May 29, with the run-off occurring July 31.[1]

Contents

  • Redistricting 1
  • Overview 2
  • District 1 3
    • General Election Results 3.1
  • District 2 4
    • General Election Results 4.1
  • District 3 5
    • General Election Results 5.1
  • District 4 6
    • General Election Results 6.1
  • District 5 7
    • General Election Results 7.1
  • District 6 8
    • General Election Results 8.1
  • District 7 9
    • General Election Results 9.1
  • District 8 10
    • General Election Results 10.1
  • District 9 11
    • General Election Results 11.1
  • District 10 12
    • General Election Results 12.1
  • District 11 13
    • General Election Results 13.1
  • District 12 14
    • General Election Results 14.1
  • District 13 15
    • General Election Results 15.1
  • District 14 16
    • General Election Results 16.1
  • District 15 17
    • General Election Results 17.1
  • District 16 18
    • General Election Results 18.1
  • District 17 19
    • General Election Results 19.1
  • District 18 20
    • General Election Results 20.1
  • District 19 21
    • General Election Results 21.1
  • District 20 22
    • General Election Results 22.1
  • District 21 23
    • General Election Results 23.1
  • District 22 24
    • General Election Results 24.1
  • District 23 25
    • General Election Results 25.1
  • District 24 26
    • General Election Results 26.1
  • District 25 27
    • General Election Results 27.1
  • District 26 28
    • General Election Results 28.1
  • District 27 29
    • General Election Results 29.1
  • District 28 30
    • General Election Results 30.1
  • District 29 31
    • General Election Results 31.1
  • District 30 32
    • General Election Results 32.1
  • District 31 33
    • General Election Results 33.1
  • District 32 34
    • General Election Results 34.1
  • District 33 35
    • General Election Results 35.1
  • District 34 36
    • General Election Results 36.1
  • District 35 37
    • General Election Results 37.1
  • District 36 38
    • General Election Results 38.1
  • References 39
  • External links 40

Redistricting

In March 2011, The Texas Tribune conducted a poll of Texas "insiders" which found 54 per cent to believe three of the state's four new congressional districts would be drawn to favor the Republican Party, with one district drawn to favor the Democratic Party; while 37 per cent of those polled felt two districts would favor Republicans while two would favor Democrats.[2] In April, Republican U.S. Representative Lamar Smith argued that the seats should be evenly split between the parties in order to reflect Texas's growing Hispanic population and abide by the Voting Rights Act. Joe Barton, also a Republican U.S. Representative, disagreed, arguing that three or four of the districts should favor Republicans.[3]

Also in April, the Mexican American Legislative Caucus filed a lawsuit against Governor Rick Perry and the state of Texas, seeking to halt redistricting based on Census data which allegedly failed to count up to 250,000 Hispanic residents of colonias.[4] Later in April, Democratic U.S. Representative Lloyd Doggett released a map which he alleged had been submitted by Republican members of Congress to leaders of the Texas Legislature. The map would divide Travis County between four districts, three of which would favor Republicans and one of which would favor Democrats.[5]

In May, state representative Burt Solomons, a Republican, expressed concern that the legislature would not produce a congressional redistricting map by May 30, when it was scheduled to adjourn, and that a special session would be necessary.[6] State senator Kel Seliger, the chair of the Senate's Select Committee on Redistricting, also downplayed the likelihood that redistricting legislation would be passed but emphasized the importance of creating a "credible instrument for the court to consider."[7] Joe Barton later filed a lawsuit in response to perceived "inaction" by the legislature on redistricting.[8] On May 25, Seliger confirmed that the legislature would not pass redistricting legislation, and that a congressional map would be drawn either by a federal court or in a special session.[9] The same day, Rick Perry reiterated his position that the Legislature rather than the courts should draw the map,[10] and three days later said he would call a special session on the condition that legislators decide on a map in advance.[11]

On May 30, Perry called a special session.[12] On May 31, the first day of the special session, redistricting was added to the list of matters to be addressed and Seliger and Solomons released a proposed congressional map. In Seliger and Solomons' map, African Americans and Hispanic Americans form majorities in two of the new districts, while the other two new districts gave Perry more than 56 per cent of their vote in the 2010 gubernatorial election. The districts represented by Doggett and Republicans Quico Canseco and Blake Farenthold would be made more favorable to Republicans. Democratic state representative Marc Veasey and Nina Perales of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund criticized the plan, which they said failed to increase the number of minority opportunity districts.[13] Democratic U.S. Representative Gene Green filed a lawsuit against the map, alleging that it would neglect Hispanic population growth primarily in Harris County.[14] On June 2, Solomons acknowledged that the map was likely to undergo significant changes.[15]

A new map was proposed by Seliger on June 2, under which Republican U.S. Representative Ron Paul's district would be significantly modified and a district which linked urban Houston to rural East Texas counties would be redrawn. The map was passed by the State Senate's redistricting committee,[16] and by the full Senate on party lines on June 6.[17] A slightly different map from that passed by the Senate was passed by the House of Representatives' Redistricting Committee. The House map would lower the Hispanic population of Canseco's district by concentrating Hispanics in Democrat Charlie Gonzalez's district.[18] The map was passed by the full House of Representatives on June 14.[19] On June 20, the Senate voted to accept the House's amendments.[20] The map was signed into law by Perry on July 18.[21]

On September 13, the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice said that, based on a preliminary investigation, the map appeared to have been "adopted, at least in part, for the purpose of diminishing the ability of citizens of the United States, on account of race, color, or membership in a language minority group, to elect their preferred candidates of choice to Congress" and would have a discriminatory effect.[22]

On November 8, a federal court refused to sign off on the Legislature's proposed map, thereby necessitating lengthy legal proceedings and the implementation of an interim map for the 2012 elections, to be drawn by a panel of federal judges.[23] On November 23, a panel of three federal judges drew a map in which three of the four new districts would favor Democrats.[24] However, three days later Greg Abbott, the Texas Attorney General, announced that the state would file for an emergency stay from the U.S. Supreme Court.[25] On December 9, the Supreme Court blocked the use of the map drawn by federal judges. This was expected to necessitate delaying the state's filing deadline and primary elections.[26]

On January 20, 2012, the Supreme Court rejected the map drawn by the federal court, holding that the court had not paid enough attention to the maps drawn by the legislature, and sent the case back to the lower court.[27]

Overview

United States House of Representatives elections in Texas, 2012[28][29]
Party Votes Percentage Seats Before Seats After +/–
Republican 4,429,270 57.79% 23 24 +1
Democratic 2,949,900 38.49% 9 12 +3
Libertarian 246,587 3.22% 0 0 -
Green 32,872 0.43% 0 0 -
Independent 5,354 0.07% 0 0 -
Write-In 255 0.00% 0 0 -
Totals 7,664,208 100.00% 32 36 +4

District 1

Republican Louie Gohmert, who had represented Texas's 1st congressional district since 2005, filed for re-election.[30] He was unopposed in the primary.

Dr. Shirley McKellar, an Army veteran and non-profit businesswoman, was unopposed for the Democratic nomination.[31] (campaign website)

General Election Results

Texas 1st Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Louie Gohmert (Incumbent) 178,322 71.43%
Democratic Shirley J. mcKellar 67,222 26.93%
Libertarian Clark Patterson 4,114 1.65%
Totals 249,658 100.0%

District 2

Republican Ted Poe, who had represented Texas's 2nd congressional district since 2005, ran for re-election.[30] He had no challengers in the May Republican primary.

Attorney and CPA Jim Dougherty was the Democratic candidate.[31] (campaign website) There were no other contenders in the primary.

Mark A Roberts ran as the Green Party Candidate.

General Election Results

Texas 2nd Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ted Poe (Incumbent) 159,664 64.82%
Democratic Jim Dougherty 80,512 32.68%
Libertarian Kenneth Duncan 4,140 1.68%
Green Mark A. Roberts 2,012 0.82%
Totals 246,328 100.0%

District 3

Republican Sam Johnson, who had represented Texas's 3rd congressional district since 1991, ran for re-election[30] He was challenged in the Republican primary by Air Force veteran Harry Pierce (campaign website) and by Josh Caesar.

Republican Party Primary Results[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Sam Johnson 33,592 83.06%
Republican Harry Pierce 4,848 11.98%
Republican Josh Caesar 2,002 4.95%
Totals 40,442 100%

General Election Results

Texas 3rd Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Sam Johnson (Incumbent) 187,180 100.00%
Totals 187,180 100.0%

District 4

Republican Ralph Hall, who had represented Texas's 4th congressional district since 1981 (as a Democrat from 1981 to 2004), sought re-election.[30] There was speculation that he might retire due to his age - Hall was 89 years old - and a closer than usual primary in 2010 (though he still won with 57% of the vote).[33] Hall faced two opponents in his party's May primary: businessman and 2010 primary candidate Steve Clark,[34] and businessman Lou Gigliotti.[35] Hall won renomination with 58 percent of the vote; Clark and Gigliotti each received 21 percent.

  • Ralph Hall campaign site

Attorney VaLinda Hathcox was the Democratic candidate, having also run against Hall in 2010. She was unopposed in the primary.[31]

General Election Results

Texas 4th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ralph M. Hall (Incumbent) 182,679 72.97%
Democratic VaLinda Hathcox 60,214 24.05%
Libertarian Thomas Griffing 7,262 2.90%
Write-In Fred Rostek 188 0.08%
Totals 250,343 100.0%

District 5

Republican Jeb Hensarling, who had represented Texas's 5th congressional district since 2003, ran for re-election[30] and drew no primary opponents.

Legal assistant Linda Mrosko[36] was the Democratic candidate, having won a three-way primary and subsequent runoff.[31]

  • Linda Mrosko campaign site
Democratic Party Primary Results[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Linda S. Mrosko 2,778 39.15%
Democratic Tom Berry 2,219 31.27%
Democratic Pat Wallace 2,097 29.56%
Totals 7,094 100.00%
Democratic Party Runoff Results[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Linda S. Mrosko 1,848 60.82%
Democratic Tom Berry 1,190 39.18%
Totals 3,038 100.00%

General Election Results

Texas 5th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeb Hensarling (Incumbent) 134,091 64.40%
Democratic Linda S. Mrosko 69,178 33.22%
Libertarian Ken Ashby 4,961 2.38%
Totals 208,230 100.0%

District 6

Republican Joe Barton, who had represented Texas's 6th congressional district since 1985, ran for re-election in the redrawn 6th district.[30][37] He was challenged in the Republican primary by former Addison mayor Joe Chow,[38] Israeli-American security consultant Itamar Gelbman,[38] and accountant Frank Kuchar,.[39]

  • Joe Barton campaign site
Republican Party Primary Results[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Joe Barton 26,192 63.22%
Republican Joe Chow 8,154 19.68%
Republican Frank C. Kuchar 4,725 11.40%
Republican Itamar Gelbman 2,356 5.68%
Totals 41,427 100%

Manufacturing consultant Kenneth Sanders defeated attorney Brianna Hinojosa-Flores and businessman Don Jaquess to be the Democratic nominee.[31]

  • Kenneth Sanders campaign site
Democratic Party Primary Results[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Kenneth Sanders 6,609 61.25%
Democratic Brianna Hinojosa-Flores 3,483 32.27%
Democratic Don Jaquess 698 6.46%
Totals 10,790 100%

Brandon Parmer ran as the Green Party Candidate.

General Election Results

Texas 6th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Joe L. Barton (Incumbent) 145,019 58.02%
Democratic Kenneth Sanders 98,053 39.23%
Libertarian Hugh Chavin 4,847 1.94%
Green Brandon Parmer 2,017 0.81%
Totals 249,936 100.0%

District 7

Democrat James Cargas, an energy lawyer for the City of Houston, ran against Republican incumbent John Culberson

Lance Findley ran as the Green Party Candidate.

General Election Results

Texas 7th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Culberson (Incumbent) 142,793 60.81%
Democratic James Cargas 85,553 36.43%
Libertarian Drew Parks 4,669 1.99%
Green Lance Findley 1,822 0.78%
Totals 234,837 100.0%

District 8

Republican Kevin Brady, representing Texas's 8th congressional district since 1997, ran for re-election.[40] Chris Irish, a health care consultant for Pfizer and founder of the North Houston Tea Party Patriots,[41] and Larry Youngblood, a computer consultant,[42] challenged Brady in the Republican primary. Scott Baker, a businessman, formed an exploratory committee to seek the Republican nomination.[43]

Neil Burns, a former executive at the Shell Oil Company, was seeking the Democratic nomination.[44] James Wright, a retiree from New Caney who unsuccessfully challenged Brady as the Democratic nominee in 2004 and 2006, was planning to run either as a Democrat or as an independent.[45]

General Election Results

Texas 8th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Brady (Incumbent) 194,043 77.29%
Democratic Neil Burns 51,051 20.33%
Libertarian Roy Hall 5,958 2.37%
Totals 251,052 100.0%

District 9

Democrat Al Green, who had represented Texas's 9th congressional district since 2005, was seeking a fifth term.[31]

Steve Mueller was the Republican candidate.[30] (campaign site) Neither he nor Green were opposed in their respective primaries.

Vanessa Foster ran as the Green Party Candidate.

General Election Results

Texas 9th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Al Green 144,075 78.49%
Republican Steve Mueller 36,139 19.69%
Green Vanessa Foster 1,743 0.95%
Libertarian John Wieder 1,609 0.88%
Totals 183,566 100.0%

District 10

Republican Michael McCaul, representing Texas's 10th congressional district since 2005, ran for re-election instead of seeking the open U.S. Senate seat.[46]

Dan Grant, a foreign policy expert, was seeking the Democratic nomination.[47] Former congressional candidates Larry Joe Doherty and Michael Skelly may also run.[48]

General Election Results

Texas 10th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Michael McCaul (Incumbent) 159,783 60.52%
Democratic Tawana W. Cadien 95,710 36.25%
Libertarian Richard Priest 8,526 3.23%
Totals 264,019 100.0%

District 11

Republican Mike Conaway had represented Texas's 11th congressional district since 2005. Wade Brown, a real estate investor,[49] and Chris Younts, an insurance agent and co-founder of the San Angelo Tea Party,[50] challenged Conaway in the Republican primary.

Jim Riley, a businessman, was seeking the Democratic nomination.[51]

General Election Results

Texas 11th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Conaway (Incumbent) 177,742 78.64%
Democratic Jim Riley 41,970 18.57%
Libertarian Scott J. Ballard 6,311 2.79%
Totals 226,023 100.0%

District 12

Republican Kay Granger, who had represented Texas's 12th congressional district since 1997, ran for re-election.[30] She was challenged in the Republican primary by former Highland Village mayor Bill Lawrence. (campaign website)

Retired schoolteacher and veteran Dave Robinson ran unopposed in the Democratic primary.[31] (campaign site)

General Election Results

Texas 12th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kay Granger (Incumbent) 175,649 70.91%
Democratic Dave Robinson 66,080 26.68%
Libertarian Matthew Solodow 5,983 2.42%
Totals 247,712 100.0%

District 13

Republican Mac Thornberry, who had represented Texas's 13th congressional district since 1995, sought re-election. Pam Barlow, a veterinarian, also ran.[52]

No Democrats filed; Keith F. Houston was running as the Green Party Candidate.

General Election Results

Texas 13th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mac Thornberry (Incumbent) 187,775 90.98%
Libertarian John Robert Deek 12,701 6.15%
Green Keith F. Houston 5,912 2.86%
Totals 206,388 100.0%

District 14

Republican Ron Paul, who had represented Texas's 14th congressional district since 1997 and ran for the Republican 2012 presidential nomination, did not seek re-election to the House of Representatives.[53]

Tea Party activist and civil designer in the petro-chemical industry;[54] John Faulk;[54] John Gay, a former Spring Independent School District administrator;[54] Robert Gonzalez, the chair of the Clear Lake Tea Party;[54][56] Pearland City Councilmember Felicia Harris;[54][57] Jay Old, an attorney;[54] and Michael Truncale, an attorney and regent of the Texas State University System.[54][58] Other potential Republican candidates included state representative Dennis Bonnen,[59] former Mayor of Pasadena John Manlove,[54][60] and former U.S. Representative Steve Stockman.[54][61] Debra Medina, who unsuccessfully ran for the Republican nomination for Governor of Texas in 2010, decided not to run.[62] State representative Larry Taylor ruled out a bid.[63]

Former U.S. Representative Nick Lampson was the Democratic nominee.[64] He defeated veteran Linda Dailey in the Democratic primary with 83% of the vote.[31]

Zach Grady won the Libertarian party nomination over Eugene Flynn, a lawyer; Amy Jacobellis, a real estate agent; and Bob Smither, an engineering consultant.[54][65]

Rhett Rosenquest Smith ran as the Green Party nominee.[66]

  • Zach Grady for Congress
  • Nick Lamson campaign site
  • Rhett Rosenquest Smith campaign site
  • Randy Weber campaign site

General Election Results

Texas 14th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Randy Weber 131,460 53.47%
Democratic Nick Lampson 109,697 44.62%
Libertarian Zach Grady 3,619 1.47%
Green Rhett Rosenquest Smith 1,063 0.43%
Totals 245,839 100.0%

District 15

Democrat Rubén Hinojosa had represented Texas's 15th congressional district since 1997. Businessman Dale Brueggemann and Marine Corp veteran Jim Kuiken contested the Republican nomination.[67]

General Election Results

Texas 15th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Ruben Hinojosa (Incumbent) 89,296 60.89%
Republican Dale A. Brueggemann 54,056 36.86%
Libertarian Ron Finch 3,309 2.26%
Totals 146,661 100.0%

District 16

Democrat Silvestre Reyes had represented Texas's 16th congressional district since 1997. Former El Paso city council member Beto O'Rourke beat Reyes in the Democratic primary.[68] Barbara Carrasco was the Republican nominee, and Junart Sodoy the Libertarian nominee.

  • Barbara Carrasco campaign website
  • Beto O'Rourke campaign website
  • Junart Sodoy campaign website

General Election Results

Texas 16th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Beto O'Rourke 101,403 65.42%
Republican Barbara Carrasco 51,043 32.93%
Libertarian Junart Sodoy 2,559 1.65%
Totals 155,005 100.0%

District 17

Republican Bill Flores was elected to represent Texas's 17th congressional district in 2011. He ran for reelection, challenged by Libertarian nominee Ben Easton.

  • Bill Flores campaign website

General Election Results

Texas 17th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bill Flores (Incumbent) 143,284 79.93%
Libertarian Ben Easton 35,978 20.07%
Totals 179,262 100.0%

District 18

Democrat Sheila Jackson Lee had represented Texas's 18th congressional district since 1995. She ran for reelection, challenged by Republican nominee Sean Seibert and Libertarian nominee Ben Easton.

  • Sheila Jackson Lee campaign website
  • Sean Seibert campaign website
  • Ben Easton campaign website

General Election Results

Texas 18th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Sheila Jackson Lee (Incumbent) 146,223 75.01%
Republican Sean Seibert 44,015 22.58%
Libertarian Christopher Barber 4,694 2.41%
Totals 194,932 100.0%

District 19

Republican Representative Randy Neugebauer, considered "the most conservative" of all House members, faces opposition in his primary from Chris Winn, the former Lubbock County GOP chairman.[69]

General Election Results

Texas 19th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Randy Neugebauer (Incumbent) 163,239 84.99%
Libertarian Richard (Chip) Peterson 28,824 15.01%
Totals 192,063 100.0%

District 20

Democrat Charlie Gonzalez, who had represented Texas's 20th congressional district since 1999, retired rather than seek re-election. State representative Joaquín Castro ran unopposed for the Democratic nomination.[70]

David Rosa ran unopposed for the Republican nomination.[30]

Antonio Diaz ran as the Green Party Candidate.

General Election Results

Texas 20th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Joaquín Castro 119,032 63.93%
Republican David Rosa 62,376 33.50%
Libertarian A. E. (Tracy) Potts 3,143 1.69%
Green Antonio Diaz 1,626 0.87%
Totals 186,177 100.0%

District 21

Republican

  • Elections Division at the Texas Secretary of State
    • Official candidate list
  • United States House of Representatives elections in Texas, 2012 at Ballotpedia
  • Texas U.S. House from OurCampaigns.com
  • Campaign contributions for U.S. Congressional races in Texas from OpenSecrets.org
  • Outside spending at the Sunlight Foundation

External links

  1. ^ "Important 2012 Election Dates".  
  2. ^ Dunham, Richard (March 29, 2011). "Insiders' poll: Will Texas Republicans draw new House districts to reflect Latino population gains?".  
  3. ^ Bresnahan, John (April 4, 2011). "Lamar Smith, Joe Barton in Texas map dust-up".  
  4. ^ Brezosky, Lynn (April 5, 2011). "Hispanic lawmakers sue Perry, state over redistricting".  
  5. ^ Embry, Jason (April 28, 2011). "UPDATED: Doggett says GOP plan splits Travis County into four congressional seats".  
  6. ^ Montgomery, Dave; Batheja, Aman (May 18, 2011). "Fears mount in Texas Legislature of special session on redistricting".  
  7. ^ Holley, Joe (May 23, 2011). "Congressional redistricting is going nowhere in the Texas legislature".  
  8. ^ Ward, Mike (May 23, 2011). "Barton files lawsuit over Lege inaction on redistricting".  
  9. ^ Holley, Joe (May 24, 2011). "Redistricting comes up short".  
  10. ^ Embry, Jason (May 25, 2011). "Perry says lawmakers should draw congressional districts, even though they clearly don't want to".  
  11. ^ Root, Jay (May 28, 2011). "Perry: Session on Congressional Maps Possible".  
  12. ^ Grissom, Brandi; Smith, Morgan (May 30, 2011). "Updated: Democrats Say Bring on the Special Session".  
  13. ^ Ramsey, Ross (May 31, 2011). "Updated: Perry Adds Redistricting to Agenda".  
  14. ^ Holley, Joe (May 31, 2011). "Green files redistricting suit".  
  15. ^ Root, Jay (June 2, 2011). "Congressional redistricting plan is sure to change — ’100 percent sure’ — House leader says".  
  16. ^ Root, Jay (June 3, 2011). "Updated: Senate Panel Approves Map".  
  17. ^ Root, Jay (June 6, 2011). "Texas Senate Approves GOP-Drawn Congressional Map".  
  18. ^ Root, Jay (June 9, 2011). "Redistricting Map On Its Way to Texas House".  
  19. ^ Ward, Mike (June 14, 2011). "Congressional redistricting plan gets OK".  
  20. ^ Montgomery, Dave (June 20, 2011). "Texas congressional redistricting plan gets final approval".  
  21. ^ "82(1) Actions for SB 4".  
  22. ^ Reilly, Ryan J. (September 23, 2011). "DOJ: Rick Perry's Texas Redistricting Plan Purposefully Discriminated Against Minorities".  
  23. ^ Blake, Aaron (November 8, 2011). "Court will draw Texas map in boon to Democrats".  
  24. ^ Livingston, Abby (November 23, 2011). "Court-Drawn Texas Map Boosts Democrats".  
  25. ^ "Texas Attorney General to File Emergency Stay With U.S. Supreme Court Challenging Redistricting Maps".  
  26. ^ "High court halts new Texas electoral maps".  
  27. ^ Liptak, Adam (January 20, 2012). "Justices' Texas Redistricting Ruling Likely to Help G.O.P.".  
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak "Office of the Secretary of State Race Summary Report 2012 General Election". Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved March 31, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Election Statistics US House of Representatives - 2012". Karen Haas, Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. February 28, 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2013. 
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Candidates for United States Representative
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i 2012 Democratic Candidate Filings
  32. ^ a b c d e f g http://elections.sos.state.tx.us/elchist.exe
  33. ^ Wilson, Reid (November 16, 2011). "The Retirement Season".  
  34. ^ Steve Clark campaign site
  35. ^ Lou Gigliotti campaign site
  36. ^ Linda Mrosko campaign site
  37. ^ Tinsley, Anna M. (June 23, 2011). "Barton sticking with redrawn 6th Congressional District".  
  38. ^ a b Tinsley, Anna M. (September 14, 2011). "A crowded District 6 race".  
  39. ^ "2012: Joe Barton Draws Primary Opponent (Frank Kuchar)". The Ellis County Observer. March 17, 2011. Retrieved July 8, 2011. 
  40. ^ Stephens, Matt (November 2, 2011). "Brady runs for reelection in crowded District 8 race".  
  41. ^ Flake, Nancy (October 1, 2011). "Irish sets sights on Brady's seat in 2012 election". The Courier of Montgomery County. Retrieved October 4, 2011. 
  42. ^ Stephens, Matt (October 25, 2011). "Cypress man joins crowded District 8 race against Brady".  
  43. ^ Stephens, Matt (October 16, 2011). "Willis man considers running for Brady's seat in Congress".  
  44. ^ Stephens, Matt (October 15, 2011). "Burns throws hat in ring for District 8 rep". The Courier of Montgomery County. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  45. ^ Stephens, Matt (October 4, 2011). "New Caney man running for District 8 Representative". The Courier of Montgomery County. Retrieved October 4, 2011. 
  46. ^ Powell, Stewart M. (October 26, 2011). "McCaul won't run for Hutchison's Senate post".  
  47. ^ Eaton, Tim (December 15, 2011). "Field for Congressional District 10 gets crowded".  
  48. ^ Dunham, Richard; Hicks, Nolan (November 30, 2011). "Court's maps could be route to Dem successes".  
  49. ^ Kleiner Varble, Sarah (September 7, 2011). "May man eyes Conaway seat".  
  50. ^ Collier, Kiah (October 13, 2011). "Younts will make run for House seat".  
  51. ^ Collier, Kiah (October 4, 2011). "Dems told to try harder".  
  52. ^ Green, Barbara (October 20, 2011). "Party races take shape".  
  53. ^ Tompkins, John (July 12, 2011). "Ron Paul won't seek congressional term in 2012". The Facts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  54. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Baird, Annette (November 1, 2011). "field grows for U.S. Rep. Ron Paul's seat".  
  55. ^ "Weber announces candidacy for Congress". The Pearland Journal. September 15, 2011. Retrieved September 16, 2011. 
  56. ^ "Gonzalez declares candidacy for Ron Paul's seat". The Friendswood Journal. October 11, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2011. 
  57. ^ Wright, Michael (September 14, 2011). "Pearland's Harris says she's seeking Ron Paul's seat in Congress".  
  58. ^ Liou, Joanne (August 3, 2011). "Beaumont attorney Truncale announces candidacy for Congress".  
  59. ^ a b c Toeplitz, Shira; Trygstad, Kyle (July 14, 2011). "Between the Lines: Everything's Bigger in Texas, Even the Opportunities".  
  60. ^ Toeplitz, Shira (July 29, 2011). "Lampson Coy About Which Texas Seat He May Seek".  
  61. ^ Catanese, David (July 13, 2011). "Stockman looking at Ron Paul's seat".  
  62. ^ Holley, Joe (July 13, 2011). "Former Rep. Nick Lampson, state Rep. Larry Taylor mull bids for Ron Paul's House seat".  
  63. ^ Ramsey, Ross (July 20, 2011). "Taylor: Never Mind on That Congressional Race".  
  64. ^ "Nick Lampson seeks return to office".  
  65. ^ Hamilton, Reeve (July 14, 2011). "The Ron Paul Rumpus".  
  66. ^ a b 2012 Candidates, Green Party of Texas
  67. ^ Thaxton, Bob (July 24, 2011). "Local businessman making a run for 15th Congressional District". Seguin Gazette. Retrieved July 29, 2011. 
  68. ^ Schladen, Marty (September 1, 2011). "Beto O'Rourke to challenge Reyes for Congress".  
  69. ^ "Chris Winn's candidacy against Neugebauer surprises some; expect a reason this week".  
  70. ^ a b Martin, Gary (November 26, 2011). "Rep. Gonzalez will not run again".  
  71. ^ "2012 Texas House Race for District 21 - Candidates, Debates and Primary Results". Retrieved October 7, 2013. 
  72. ^ "Texas' 21st congressional district elections, 2012". Ballotpedia. Retrieved November 8, 2012. 
  73. ^ "Barbara J. Carlson - Welcome". Barbaracarlsonforuscongress.com. 2012-08-23. Retrieved November 8, 2012. 
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  78. ^ a b Ramsey, Ross (September 1, 2011). "Gallego Will Challenge Canseco for Congressional Seat".  
  79. ^ a b "Ex-Congressman Ciro Rodriguez announces bid for new district".  
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  81. ^ 2012 Democratic Party Primary Runoff
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  83. ^ McGehearty, Patrick (March 8, 2012). "Withdrawing From Candidacy".  
  84. ^ Ramshaw, Emily (June 24, 2011). "Castro To Take On Doggett for New Congressional Seat".  
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  90. ^ Smith, Matt (September 23, 2011). "Hewlett hopes to bring fresh ideas, local representation to Congress".  
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  93. ^ Ward, Mike (October 9, 2011). "Texas Senate turnover comes at crucial time".  
  94. ^ Parker, Kolten (October 4, 2011). "Isaac Discusses First Session, Future of Higher Education".  
  95. ^ Spruill, Rick (December 10, 2011). "Farenthold running, just not sure where".  
  96. ^ Steinhauer, Jennifer (July 4, 2011). "Time in House Could Be Short for Republican Newcomers".  
  97. ^ Spruill, Rick (September 1, 2011). "Life, liberty and what's that other thing?".  
  98. ^ Perez-Trevino, Emma (February 22, 2012). "Vela announces candidacy for U.S. Congress".  
  99. ^ "Bret's Priorities". Bret Baldwin for U.S. Congress. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
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  102. ^ "ON THE BALLOT: Filing finally closes for upcoming primary, March 10, 2012". Seguin Gazette. Retrieved March 11, 2012. 
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  104. ^ Jeffers, Gromer, Jr. (December 7, 2011). "Taj Clayton creates three-way race for District 30 Congressional seat".  
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References

Texas 36th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Steve Stockman 165,405 70.74%
Democratic Max Martin 62,143 26.58%
Libertarian Michael K. Cole 6,284 2.69%
Totals 233,832 100.0%

General Election Results

Texas's 36th congressional district is one of four new districts, including all or part of Chambers County, Hardin County, Harris County, Jasper County, Liberty County, Newton County, Orange County, Polk County and Tyler County. Ky Griffin, a native of south east Texas, funeral director, and small business owner,[116] Jim Engstrand, a U.S. Army Reserve colonel and small business owner,[117] State senator Mike Jackson contested the Republican nomination.[118] Brian Babin, a dentist who unsuccessfully challenged Jim Turner in 1996 and 1998;[119] Travis Bryan, a precinct chair and former Texas State Guard soldier;[120] and Pasadena mayor John Manlove[59][121] may also seek the Republican nomination. State representative James White, also a Republican, had expressed interest, but did not run.[59]

District 36

Texas 35th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lloyd Doggett (Incumbent) 105,626 63.95%
Republican Susan Narvaiz 52,894 32.02%
Libertarian Ross Lynn Leone 4,082 2.47%
Green Meghan Owen 2,540 1.54%
Totals 165,179 100.0%

General Election Results

Meghan Owen ran as the Green Party Candidate.

On the Republican side, Hays County conservative activist Rob Roark and John Yoggerst entered the fray.[113] Susan Narvaiz, the former mayor of San Marcos, also sought the Republican nomination.[114] In the Republican primary election, conducted May 29, 2012, Narvaiz won the primary election and avoided a runoff by obtaining 51.78% of the votes cast.[115]

State representative Joaquín Castro had been expected to run in the 35th district;[85] however following Charlie Gonzalez's announcement that he would not seek re-election, Castro announced plans to run in the 20th district.[70] Democratic U.S. Representative Lloyd Doggett, who had represented Texas's 25th congressional district since 2005, had planned to run in the 35th district; however the November 2011 interim map allowed him to instead run in the 25th district.[85]

Bexar County tax collector Sylvia Romo sought the Democratic nomination in the 35th district.[80] Former U.S. Representative Ciro Rodriguez, who represented the 23rd district from 2007 until 2011, announced in November 2011 that he would seek re-election in the 35th district;[79] however he later said he would run in whichever district contained his home.[80] Richard Perez, a former member of the San Antonio City Council, may also run.[112]

District 35

  • Garza campaign website
  • Bradshaw campaign website
External links
Texas 34th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Filemon Vela 89,606 61.89%
Republican Jessica Puente Bradshaw 52,448 36.23%
Libertarian Steven (Ziggy) Shanklin 2,724 1.88%
Totals 144,778 100.0%

General Election Results

Small business owner Adela Garza, political news commentator Jessica Bradshaw and Paul Harding ran for the Republican nomination.[30] Garza and Bradshaw advanced to the July 31 runoff.[111]

  • Vela Campaign site
  • Blanchard Campaign site

Elmo Aycock, former Ortiz Chief of Staff Denise Saenz Blanchard, Former Edinburg City Manager Ramiro Garza, Jr., former Rubén Hinojosa district director Saloman Torres, Brownsville City Commissioner Anthony Troiani, businessman and activist Filemon Vela, Jr., Cameron County District Attorney Armando Villalobos and attorney Juan Angel Guerra all ran for the Democratic nomination.[31] Vela and Blanchard advanced to the July 31 runoff.[111]

The 34th is a newly numbered district, but most of the pieces came from the district once held by both Solomon Ortiz and Blake Farenthold. It contains all of Cameron, Willacy, Kleberg, Kenedy, Jim Wells, Bee, Goliad and DeWitt Counties, and parts of Gonzales, San Patricio and Hidalgo Counties. It is 73.1% Hispanic by Citizen Voting Population, and voted for President Obama 60-39 in 2008.

District 34

  • David Alameel
  • David De La Paz
  • Domingo Garcia (runoff)
  • Kathleen Hicks
  • Jason Roberts
  • Marc Veasey (runoff)
  • Chuck Bradley
  • Al Lee (possible malware)
External Links
Texas 33rd Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Marc Veasey 85,114 72.51%
Republican Chuck Bradley 30,252 25.77%
Green Ed LIndsay 2,009 1.71%
Totals 117,375 100.0%

General Election Results

Ed Lindsay ran as the Green Party Candidate.

In the chaos of redistricting, Republicans Bill Lawrence, former mayor of Highland Village, former Secretary of State Roger Williams and former Railroad Commissioner Michael L. Williams had all at one point considered running in a district numbered the 33rd. Since the district map was finalized, Lawrence instead started running for the 12th district, and both Williams' have switched to the 25th.[92]

Chuck Bradley, a retiree [82][108] and Al Lee, a retired systems consultant;[108] ran for the Republican nomination. Though his hometown of Arlington is contained entirely within the 33rd district, Republican Joe Barton, who had represented the 6th district since 1985, ran again in the 6th district.[108]

Dallas dentist and businessman David Alameel was seeking the Democratic nomination for the newly created district.[107] Founder of the National Better Block movement Jason Roberts, David De La Paz,[108] businessman Domingo García,[109] Fort Worth City Council member Kathleen Hicks,[110] and state representative Marc Veasey[110] also sought the Democratic nomination in the new 33rd district. Art Brender, an attorney and former chair of the Tarrant County Democratic Party; and the Rev. Kyev Tatum, a community activist and head of the Tarrant County chapter of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, were also considering a run.[110]

District 33

Texas 32nd Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pete Sessions (Incumbent) 146,653 58.28%
Democratic Katherine Savers McGovern 99,288 39.46%
Libertarian Seth Hollist 5,695 2.26%
Totals 251,636 100.0%

General Election Results

Republican Pete Sessions had represented Texas's 32nd congressional district since 2002, and previously represented district 5 from 1996 to 2002. He sought election to his 13th term in the United States House of Representatives. Democrat Katherine Savers McGovern challenged Rep. Sessions[105] Libertarian Seth Hollist was also a candidate, creating a three-way race.[106]

District 32

Texas 31st Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John R. Carter (Incumbent) 145,348 61.28%
Democratic Stephen M. Wyman 82,977 34.98%
Libertarian Ethan Garafolo 8,862 3.74%
Totals 237,187 100.0%

General Election Results

District 31

Texas 30th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Eddie Bernice Johnson (Incumbent) 171,059 78.82%
Republican Travis Washington, Jr. 41,222 19.00%
Libertarian Ed Rankin 4,733 2.18%
Totals 217,014 100.0%

General Election Results

Democrat Eddie Bernice Johnson had represented Texas's 30th congressional district since 1993. State representative Barbara Mallory Caraway[103] and Taj Clayton, a lawyer,[104] challenged Johnson in the Democratic primary.

District 30

Texas 29th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gene Green (Incumbent) 86,053 90.00%
Libertarian James Stanczak 4,996 5.23%
Green Maria Selva 4,562 4.77%
Totals 95,611 100.0%

General Election Results

Maria Selva ran as the Green Party Candidate.

District 29

Texas 28th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Henry Cuellar (Incumbent) 112,456 67.89%
Republican William R. Hayward 49,309 29.77%
Libertarian Patrick Hisel 2,473 1.49%
Green Michael D. Cary 1,407 0.85%
Totals 165,645 100.0%

General Election Results

Michael D. Cary ran as the Green Party Candidate.

Guadalupe County, a Republican stronghold that usually opposed Cuellar for reelection, had been removed from the reconfigured District 28.[102] Cuellar lost four counties and was held to 56 percent of the general election vote in 2010, when he defeated the Republican Bryan Keith Underwood, a carpenter from Seguin, Texas.

Democrat Henry Cuellar was opposed in the November 6 general election by Republican William R. Hayward, an ostrich rancher from San Marcos, and the Libertarian Patrick Hisel, a physician.[101] Hisel ran unsuccessfully as a Libertarian in 2010 against the Republican U.S. Representative Kay Granger of the Tarrant County-based 12th District. Dr. Hisel's website was not updated and did not list his current city of residence.

District 28

Texas 27th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Blake Farenthold (Incumbent) 120,684 56.75%
Democratic Rose Meza Harrison 83,395 39.22%
Independent Bret Baldwin 5,354 2.52%
Libertarian Corrie Byrd 3,218 1.51%
Totals 212,651 100.0%

General Election Results

Former U.S. Representative Solomon Ortiz, who represented the 27th district from 1983 until 2011 and lost re-election in 2010, did not run again.[100]

Independent Bret Baldwin and Libertarian Corrie Byrd rounded out the four-candidate field. Baldwin is a conservative Republican from Victoria. He is an international businessman who supports many conservative views. His website showed that he supports limited government, health savings accounts, a balanced budget amendment and restoration of the line-item veto.[99] Byrd was an assistant manager at a Walmart store and likened his positions to those of retiring representative Ron Paul.

Rose Meza Harrison, the former chairwoman of the Nueces County Democratic Party,[97] was the Democratic nominee. Filemon Vela, an attorney, ran for a seat to be based in Brownsville, which previously was part of the 34th district.[98]

Republican Blake Farenthold, who was elected to represent Texas's 27th congressional district in January 2011, was to seek re-election in the 27th district or the new 34th district.[95] there was speculation that State representatives Todd Hunter and Raul Torres would challenge Farenthold in the Republican primary.[96]

District 27

Texas 26th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Michael Burgess (Incumbent) 176,642 68.27%
Democratic David Sanchez 74,237 28.69%
Libertarian Mark Boler 7,844 3.03%
Totals 258,723 100.0%

General Election Results

He faced Democratic candidate David Sanchez and Libertarian candidate Mark Boler.

Republican incumbent Michael Burgess ran unopposed in his party's primary to seek re-election.

District 26

Texas 25th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Roger Williams 154,245 58.44%
Democratic Elaine M. Henderson 98,827 37.44%
Libertarian Betsy Dewey 10,860 4.11%
Totals 263,932 100.0%

General Election Results

Ernie Beltz Jr., former federal agency program manager, former business owner, and ex-marine,[86] Bill Burch, the head of the Grass Roots Institute of Texas;[87] Dianne Costa, a former mayor of Highland Village;[88] Dave Garrison, a former Halliburton and USAA executive;[89] Justin Hewlett, the mayor of Cleburne;[90] businessman Brian Matthews;[82] businessman Ralph Pruyn;[82] businessman Wes Riddle;[91] Chad Wilbanks, a former executive director of the Texas Republican Party;[82] and former Railroad Commissioner Michael Williams[89][92] sought the Republican nomination in the 25th district. Donna Campbell, an ophthalmologist who unsuccessfully challenged Doggett as the Republican nominee in 2010,[93] and state representatives Jason Isaac[94] and Sid Miller,[82] all of whom had been considering bids, did not run. Betsy Dewey ran as the Libertarian Party Candidate.

Democrat Lloyd Doggett, who had represented Texas's 25th congressional district since 2005, had intended to seek re-election in the new 35th district;[84] however the November 2011 interim map would allow him to instead run in the 25th district.[85]

District 25

Texas 24th Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kenny E. Marchant (Incumbent) 148,586 61.02%
Democratic Tim Rusk 87,645 36.00%
Libertarian John Stathas 7,258 2.98%
Totals 243,489 100.0%

General Election Results

On March 5, 2012 Patrick McGehearty, a computer scientist, dropped out of the Democratic primary to support his wife through a medical issue. McGehearty endorsed Tim Rusk, an attorney from Euless, TX.[83] Rusk ran unopposed in the Democratic Primary.

Grant Stinchfield, a former television reporter for KXAS-TV, challenged Marchant in the Republican primary.[82]

Republican Kenny Marchant, representing Texas's 24th congressional district since 2005, ran for re-election.

District 24

Texas 23rd Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Pete P. Gallego 96,676 50.31%
Republican Francisco "Quico" Canseco (Incumbent) 87,547 45.56%
Libertarian Jeffrey C. Blunt 5,841 3.04%
Green Ed Scharf 2,105 1.10%
Totals 192,169 100.0%

General Election Results

  • Jeffrey Blunt campaign site
  • Francisco Conseco campaign site
  • Pete Gallego campaign site

Ed Scharf ran as the Green Party nominee.[66]

Republican Quico Canseco was elected to represent Texas's 23rd congressional district in January 2011. John Bustamante, a lawyer and the son of former U.S. Representative Albert Bustamante;[77] and state representative Pete Gallego[78] stood for the Democratic nomination. Engineer Jeffrey C. Blunt filed to run as the Libertarian Party candidate in District 23. Former U.S. Representative Ciro Rodriguez, who represented the 23rd district from 2007 until 2011, had planned to seek the Democratic nomination in the 23rd district;[77] however in November 2011 he announced he would instead run in the new 35th district[79] and later said he would run in whichever district contained his home.[80] Manny Pelaez, an employment law attorney and trustee of VIA Metropolitan Transit who had been considering a bid, did not run.[78] Gallego won the primary run-off against Rodriguez.[81]

District 23

Texas 22nd Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pete Olson (Incumbent) 160,668 64.03%
Democratic Kesha Rogers 80,203 31.96%
Libertarian Steven Susman 5,986 2.39%
Green Don Cook 4,054 1.62%
Totals 250,911 100.0%

General Election Results

Don Cook ran as the Green Party Candidate.

Kesha Rogers,[74] a political activist with ties to the Lyndon LaRouche movement, won the Democratic Party's nomination by just 103 votes.[32] Rogers was the party's candidate in 2010 as well, and was disavowed by some local Democrats for her controversial platform,[75] which included impeaching President Obama and colonizing outer space.[76]

Two-term Republican incumbent Pete Olson sought re-election. He received a primary challenge from conservative newspaper columnist Barbara Carlson,[73] ultimately winning 76 percent of the vote.[32]

District 22

Texas 21st Congressional District 2012 [28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Lamar Smith (Incumbent) 187,015 60.55%
Democratic Candace E. Duval 109,326 35.40%
Libertarian John-Henry Liberty 12,524 4.05%
Totals 308,865 100.0%

General Election Results

Bill Stout ran as the Green Party Candidate.

[72]).Ind), Bill Stout (Grn), and Carlos Pena (Grn), Fidel Castillo (Lib), John-Henry Liberty (Dem (Candace Duval In the election, Smith faced [71]

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