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Schönefeld

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Title: Schönefeld  
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Subject: Berlin Brandenburg Airport, Berlin Schönefeld Airport, Bremenfly, Bundesautobahn 117, 1984 Balkan Bulgarian Tupolev Tu-134 crash
Collection: Localities in Dahme-Spreewald
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Schönefeld

Schönefeld
Schönefeld village church
Schönefeld village church
Coat of arms of Schönefeld
Coat of arms
Schönefeld  is located in Germany
Schönefeld
Coordinates:
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Dahme-Spreewald
Government
 • Mayor Dr. Udo Haase (AFE)
Area
 • Total 81.57 km2 (31.49 sq mi)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 13,760
 • Density 170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 12529
Dialling codes 030, 03379, 033762
Vehicle registration LDS
Website Official website

Schönefeld is a suburban municipality in the Dahme-Spreewald district, Brandenburg, Germany. It borders the southeastern districts of Berlin. The municipal area encompasses Berlin Schönefeld Airport.

Contents

  • Geography 1
    • Civil parishes 1.1
  • History and monuments 2
  • Demography 3
  • Economy and infrastructure 4
    • Transport 4.1
    • Business 4.2
  • Politics 5
    • Twin towns — Sister cities 5.1
  • Notable people 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • Sources 9
  • External links 10

Geography

It is located about 22 km (14 mi) southeast of the Berlin city centre, next to one of Berlin's two airports, Berlin Schönefeld (SXF), which is to be replaced in by Berlin Brandenburg Airport (BER). The new airport is currently under construction and also to be located in Schönefeld, partly on land now occupied by the existing airport.

In the north, Schönefeld adjoins to the Berlin boroughs of Tempelhof-Schöneberg, Neukölln, and Treptow-Köpenick with the localities of Lichtenrade, Gropiusstadt, Buckow, Rudow, Altglienicke, and Bohnsdorf. In the south, it borders Mittenwalde, in the west, Blankenfelde-Mahlow and in the east, Schulzendorf and Zeuthen.

Civil parishes

The Schönefeld municipal area comprises six districts (Ortsteile), former municipalities in their own right which were incorporated in 2003:

The settlement of Kienberg, part of Waltersdorf, was cleared of residents to permit expansion of the Berlin Brandenburg Airport and is to be developed as a commercial area.

History and monuments

The first preserved mention of Schönefeld in the Mittelmark territory dates back to 1242. Sconenfelde, then a possession held by the Lords of Selchow, is documented in the 1375 Landbuch (domesday book) of Emperor Charles IV, when he also ruled as Elector of Brandenburg. The village church, rebuilt in 1904/05 according to plans designed by Franz Heinrich Schwechten, includes a large Baroque altar. Waltersdorf and Waßmannsdorf also have village churches dating to the first half of the 13th century.

From 1933 onwards the Henschel aircraft company moved from Johannisthal Air Field to Schönefeld and had three runways laid out next to the village. More than 14,000 warplanes were built at the site until 1945, when the premises were occupied by the Red Army. In the Großziethen cemetery is a memorial to 200 prisoners of war and forced laborers who died during World War II. The Soviet Air Forces used the air field from 1946, one year later the Soviet Military Administration ordered the buildup of a civil air service supplying East Berlin.

Before German reunification Schöneberg shared its borders partly with boroughs of former West Berlin (present-day Neukölln and Tempelhof-Schöneberg[2]), and so from 1961 to 1990 it was separated from it by the Berlin Wall.[3][4]

Demography

Schönefeld:
Population development within the current boundaries
[5]
Year Population
1875 2903
1890 3415
1925 3918
1933 4278
1939 5811
1946 6397
1950 6446
1964 6117
1971 5605
1981 6068
Year Population
1985 5857
1989 5449
1990 5312
1991 5128
1992 5450
1993 6023
1994 6456
1995 7619
1996 8772
1997 9752
Year Population
1998 10496
1999 11059
2000 11218
2001 11405
2002 11667
2003 11843
2004 11993
2005 12274
2006 12354
2007 12462
Year Population
2008 12831
2009 13060
2010 13256
2011 13317
2012 13453

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[6]

Economy and infrastructure

Transport

Business

The Airport-Center, an industrial area in Waltersdorf, and Berlin Schönefeld Airport are important sources of revenue for Schönefeld.

The head office of Private Wings is located in the General Aviation Terminal (Allgemeine Luftfahrt) on the property of Schönefeld Airport.[7][8][9] Before its disestablishment, the East German airline company Interflug had its head office on the grounds of the airport.[10] Bremenfly also had its head office in Schönefeld.[11]

Politics

Town hall

Seats in the municipal council (Gemeinderat):

Twin towns — Sister cities

Schönefeld is twinned with Skórka, Greater Poland Voivodeship, a district of Poland (since 2014).[12]

Notable people

  • Rosemarie Clausen, theatrical photographer, born in Großziethen in 1907
  • Rudi Dutschke, prominent spokesperson of the German student movement of the 1960s

See also

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2013 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)".  
  2. ^ Source: "ADAC StadtAtlas - Berlin-Potsdam". ed. 2007 - pages 232, 233, 234 - ISBN 3-8264-1348-2
  3. ^ Map and info about the wall on "Berlin Wall Online" (German)
  4. ^ Info, maps and pictures (see the sections "Lichterfelde-Schönefeld" and "Schönefeld-East Side Gallery")
  5. ^ Boundaries as of 2013
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Anfahrt GAT Schönefeld." Private Wings. Retrieved on 7 January 2013.
  8. ^ "Access Business Aviation Center/GAT." Private Wings. Retrieved on 7 January 2013.
  9. ^ "Imprint." Private Wings. Retrieved on 7 January 2013. "Postal adress: [sic] PRIVATE WINGS Flugcharter GmbH Chief executive officers: Peter Paul Gatz und Andreas Wagner Flughafen Berlin - Schönefeld 12521 Berlin, Germany" and "Delivery address: Private Wings Flugcharter GmbH Waßmannsdorfer Straße 12529 Schönefeld (ehemals Diepensee)"
  10. ^ "World Airline Directory," Flight International, 26 March 1988, p. 82. (pdf)
  11. ^ "Kontakt." Bremenfly. 27 August 2010. Retrieved on 7 January 2012. "Zeppelinstr. 1 Berlin-Schönefeld 12529 Deutschland"
  12. ^ Partnerstadt Skórka (Twin city Skórka) on the city's official homepage, accessed 22 July 2014

Sources

  • Bernd Kuhlmann. Schönefeld bei Berlin - 1 Amt, 1 Flughafen und 11 Bahnhöfe. Berlin: Gesellschaft für Verkehrspolitik und Eisenbahnwesen, 1996. ISBN 3-89218-038-5 (German)

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

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