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San Diu people

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Title: San Diu people  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Hoa people, Nùng people, Demographics of Vietnam, Ngái people, Overseas Chinese
Collection: Chinese Diaspora in Asia, Ethnic Groups in Vietnam, Guangdong
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

San Diu people

Sán Dìu people
Người Sán Dìu (𠊛山由)
Total population
Regions with significant populations
Northern Vietnam
Yue Chinese, Vietnamese
Predominantly Mahayana Buddhism
Taoism, Catholicism and Evangelicalism
Related ethnic groups
Chinese Vietnamese, Yao people

The Sán Dìu (also known as San Deo, Trai, Trai Dat and Man Quan Coc; Chinese: 山由族; pinyin: Shān yóu zú; Jyutping: saan1 jau4 zuk6; Cantonese Yale: Sanyau Juk; Chữ nôm: 𠊛山由; Vietnamese alphabet: Người Sán Dìu) is a Yao ethnic group in northern Vietnam who speak Yue Chinese (Cantonese), a Chinese language. Although the Vietnamese government classifies San Diu as an independent group, San Diu people are originally a part of Chinese people in Vietnam. They are believed to have migrated from Guangdong, China around 1600.

The group's estimated population as of 2000 was 117,500; a 2009 estimate put the number at 146,821.[1] They speak a variant of Cantonese, and it is suggested that some still speak Iu Mien. The major religions are Mahayana Buddhism and Taoism, with elements of animism and veneration of the dead. About 400 are adherents of the Catholic Church; a few are evangelical Protestants. This ethnic group is mainly concentrated in Quảng Ninh Province.

See also


  1. ^ a b Tổng điều tra dân số và nhà ở Việt Nam năm 2009: Kết quả toàn bộ. Hà Nội, 6-2010. page 134-225.
  • Ma Khánh Bằng (1975). "Về ý thức tự giác dân tộc của người Sán Dìu". In, Ủy ban khoa học xã hội Việt Nam: Viện dân tộc học. Về vấn đề xác định thánh phần các dân tộc thiểu số ở miền bắc Việt Nam, 365-376. Hà Nội: Nhà xuất bản khoa học xã hội.

External links

  • San Diu of Vietnam
  • San Diu People
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