World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000846624
Reproduction Date:

Title: Polystylism  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Alfred Schnittke, Postmodern music, Eclecticism in music, Dmitri Shostakovich, Eclecticism in art
Collection: Musical Techniques, Postmodern Art, Postmodern Music
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Polystylism is the use of multiple styles or techniques in literature, art, film, or, especially, music, and is a postmodern characteristic.

Some prominent Alfred Schnittke,[1] Django Bates, Alexander Zhurbin, Lev Zhurbin and John Zorn. However, Gubaidulina, among others, has rejected the term as not applicable to her work.[2] Polystylist composers from earlier in the twentieth century include Charles Ives[3] and Eric Satie.[4] Among literary figures, James Joyce has been referred to as a polystylist.[5]

Though perhaps not the original source of the term, the first important discussion of the subject is Alfred Schnittke's essay "Polystylistic Tendencies in Modern Music (1971)".[6] The composers cited by Schnittke as those who make use of polystylism are Alban Berg, Luciano Berio, Pierre Boulez, Edison Denisov, Hans Werner Henze, Mauricio Kagel, Jan Klusák, György Ligeti, Carl Orff, Arvo Pärt, Krzysztof Penderecki, Henri Pousseur, Rodion Shchedrin, Dmitri Shostakovich, Sergei Slonimsky, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Igor Stravinsky, Boris Tishchenko, Anton Webern, and Bernd Alois Zimmermann.

See also


  1. ^ Ivan Moody, "The Music of Alfred Schnittke", Tempo new series, no. 168, 50th Anniversary 1939-1989 (March 1989): 4–11. Citation on 4.
  2. ^ Vera Lukomsky, "Sofia Gubaidulina: 'My Desire Is Always to Rebel, to Swim against the Stream!'”. Perspectives of New Music 36. no. 1 (Winter 1998): 5–41, citation on 24-26.
  3. ^ Nachum Schoffman, "Charles Ives's Song 'Vote for Names', Current Musicology 23 (1977): 56–68.
  4. ^ Daniel Albright, "Postmodern Interpretations of Satie's Parade", Canadian University Music Review/Revue de Musique des Universités Canadiennes 22, no. 1 (2002): 22–39.
  5. ^ Rudolph von Abele, "Film as Interpretation: A Case Study of Ulysses", Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 31 (1973): 487–500, citation on 495.
  6. ^ Alfred Schnittke, "Polystylistic Tendencies in Modern Music (1971)", in A Schnittke Reader, edited by Aleksandr Ivashkin, English translation by John Derek Goodliffe, 87–90 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002) ISBN 0-253-33818-2, ISBN 978-0-253-33818-1.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.