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Nông Thị Xuân

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Title: Nông Thị Xuân  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ho Chi Minh, Communism in Vietnam, North Vietnam, Vietnamese communists, Zeng Xueming
Collection: 1932 Births, 1957 Deaths, Communism in Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh, North Vietnam, Vietnam, Vietnam War, Vietnamese Communists
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Nông Thị Xuân

Nông Thị Xuân with Ho Chi Minh.

Nông Thị Xuân (1932 - 1957) was a mistress (người tình)[1][2][3][4] of Viet Minh leader (later North Vietnamese president) Ho Chi Minh, who mothered a child with Hồ and was later killed under the guise of a vehicle accident shortly after. Xuân was an ethnic Nùng from Cao Bằng Province.

Hồ Chí Minh reportedly met Xuân in Pác Bó, Cao Bằng Province[5] during his 7-month stay in Pác Bó Cave from February 8 to March, 1941, after 30 years of exile in southern China.[6] Hồ also renamed the stream by the cave to "Lenin stream" ("suối Lênin"), and the mountain encompassing the cave as "Mount Karl Marx" ("núi Các Mác") while there.[6] Nông Thị Xuân, along with her younger sister Nông Thị Vàng and a cousin, moved to Hanoi in the 1950s to be with Hồ Chí Minh,[2][3] who was over 40 years her senior,[3] and this was where she conceived a son with Hồ, named Nguyễn Tất Trung, born in late 1956.[1][2][3] The North Vietnamese communist government kept Hồ's relationship with her and others firmly secretive to preserve the cult of personality that was created around Hồ Chí Minh, of his image as "the father of the revolution"[7] and of a "celibate married only to the cause of revolution".[8] In 1957, Xuân was killed[2][3][4] near Hồ Tây (West Lake), Hà Nội[1] under the communist party's orders[2][5] to stop them from marrying,[3][5] but there's two accounts about how she died, both involving intentional vehicular collision. The first account was that when she asked one of Hồ's associates to have her relationship be publicly acknowledged by the government, expressing her desire to be Hồ's wife and North Vietnam's First Lady, Hồ Chí Minh and the Communist Party objected it and ordered Trần Quốc Hoàn (Head Director General of the Ministry of Security - Bộ Công an) to eliminate her.[3][4][5][7] Trần Quốc Hoàn raped her repeatedly[5] and then clubbed her to death, with her body dumped on a road to disguise the murder as a vehicle accident.[3][5][7] Other accounts of her murder said that she was simply murdered by collision in a premeditated car accident.[1] Communist party officials later attempted to erase all traces of the romance from the public.[3]

Ho Chi Minh was also married to Tăng Tuyết Minh,[5][9][10] a southern Chinese midwife, and formerly to Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai,[11][12] a Vietnamese communist revolutionary from Hồ's home province of Nghệ An.


  1. ^ a b c d
  2. ^ a b c d e
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i
  4. ^ a b c
  5. ^ a b c d e f g
  6. ^ a b
  7. ^ a b c
  8. ^
  9. ^ Brocheux, Pierre , (2011), [1], Cambridge University Press, p. 39; ISBN 9781107622265
  10. ^ Duiker, William J., (2000), [2], Hyperion, p. (no page # in source); ISBN 9781107622265
  11. ^
  12. ^

See also

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