World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Matroska

Article Id: WHEBN0000225160
Reproduction Date:

Title: Matroska  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: WebM, Standard (warez), Theora, Video file format, Musepack
Collection: 2002 Introductions, Container Formats, Free Container Formats, Open Formats
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Matroska

Matroska
MKV Extension Icon
Filename extension .mkv .mk3d .mka .mks
Internet media type video/x-matroska audio/x-matroska
Developed by .org.matroskawww
Type of format Container format
Container for Multimedia
Open format? Yes
Website Matroska.org

The Matroska Multimedia Container is an open standard free container format, a file format that can hold an unlimited number of video, audio, picture, or subtitle tracks in one file.[1] It is intended to serve as a universal format for storing common multimedia content, like movies or TV shows. Matroska is similar in concept to other containers like AVI, MP4, or Advanced Systems Format (ASF), but is entirely open in specification, with implementations consisting mostly of open source software. Matroska file extensions are .MKV for video (with subtitles and audio), .MK3D for stereoscopic video, .MKA for audio-only files, and .MKS for subtitles only.[2]

"Matroska" is derived from Matryoshka (Russian: матрёшка ), which refers to the hollow, wooden, "Russian doll", or Matryoshka doll, that opens to expose another doll that in turn opens to expose another doll, and so on. The logo uses "Matroška", with the caron over the "s".

Contents

  • History 1
  • Goals 2
  • Design 3
  • Development 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

The project was announced on 6 December 2002[3] as a fork of the Multimedia Container Format (MCF), after disagreements between MCF lead developer Lasse Kärkkäinen and soon-to-be Matroska founder Steve Lhomme about the use of the Extensible Binary Meta Language (EBML) instead of a binary format. This coincided with a long coding break by the MCF's lead developer, during which most of the community quickly migrated to the new project.

In 2010, it was announced that the WebM audio/video format would be based on a profile of the Matroska container format together with VP8 video and Vorbis audio.[4]

On October 31, 2014, Microsoft confirmed that Windows 10 will support HEVC and Matroska out of the box, according to a statement from Gabriel Aul, the leader of Microsoft Operating Systems Group's Data and Fundamentals Team.[5][6] Windows 10 Technical Preview Build 9860 added platform level support for HEVC and Matroska.[7][8]

Goals

The use of [9]

  • Creating a modern, flexible, extensible, cross-platform multimedia container format
  • Developing robust streaming support
  • Developing a menu system similar to that of DVDs based on EBML
  • Developing a set of tools for the creation and editing of Matroska files
  • Developing libraries that can be used to allow developers to add Matroska support to their applications
  • Working with hardware manufacturers to include Matroska support in embedded multimedia devices
  • Working to provide native Matroska support in various operating systems and hardware platforms

Design

Matroska is intended to serve as a universal format for storing common multimedia content, like movies or TV shows. Matroska is similar in concept to other containers like AVI, MP4, or Advanced Systems Format (ASF), but is entirely open in specification, with implementations consisting mostly of open source software.

Matroska file extensions are .MKV for video (with subtitles and audio), .MK3D for stereoscopic video, .MKA for audio-only files, and .MKS for subtitles only.[2]

Development

Matroska is supported by a non-profit organization in France (association loi 1901), and the specifications are open to everyone. The Matroska project is a [9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Matroska Format Specifications, Matroska.org.
  2. ^ a b See FAQ. "What file extensions does Matroska use?" http://www.matroska.org/technical/guides/faq/index.html
  3. ^ "Matroska: Older Archives". Retrieved 9 September 2009. 
  4. ^ Frequently Asked Questions, the WebM project
  5. ^ Gabriel Aul (October 31, 2014). "HEVC also supported in-box.".  
  6. ^ John Callaham (November 1, 2014). "Microsoft: Windows 10 will support the HEVC video compression standard". Windows Central. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  7. ^ Bogdan Popa (November 3, 2014). "Microsoft Confirms MKV File Support in Windows 10".  
  8. ^ Gabe Aul (November 12, 2014). "New build available to the Windows Insider Program".  
  9. ^ a b http://www.matroska.org/technical/whatis/index.html

External links

  • Official website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.