World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Marie de Nemours

Marie d'Orléans
Duchess of Nemours
Marie in 1705 by Rigaud
Born 5 March 1625
Paris, France
Died 16 June 1707 (aged 82)
Paris, France
Spouse Henri II of Savoy, Duke of Nemours
Full name
Marie d'Orléans
Father Henri II d'Orléans, Duke of Longueville
Mother Louise de Bourbon-Estouteville

Marie de Nemours, originally known as Marie d'Orléans-Longueville (1625–1707), was the daughter of Henri II d'Orléans, duc de Longueville. After the death of her brother Jean Louis Charles d'Orléans-Longueville in 1694 she succeeded him as sovereign Princess of Neuchâtel, by then the last monarchical state within the Swiss Confederation, although she remained a prominent member of the French royal court.

Biography

Descended from Jean d'Orléans, illegitimate son of Louis I, Duke of Orléans, she was known as Mademoiselle de Longueville prior to her marriage. The Dukes of Longueville had acquired the principality of Neuchâtel through marriage to a Swiss princess, Margravine Johanna of Baden-Hochberg-Sausensberg. After the death of her brother Jean-Louis-Charles d'Orléans in 1694 she succeeded him as Princess of Neuchâtel.

By her marriage with Henri of Savoy, she became Duchess of Nemours. The couple were married on 22 May 1657 at Trie. The dukes of Nemours were descendents of the Dukes of Savoy having settled in France in the sixteenth century, where they ranked as princes étrangers.

At an early age she was involved in the first Fronde, of which her father and stepmother, Anne Geneviève de Bourbon, were leaders. She married Henri II, Duke of Nemours in 1657. When he died in 1659, leaving her childless, the rest of her life was mainly spent in contesting her inheritance with her stepmother. Her Savoyard nieces included Marie Jeanne, Duchess of Savoy and Marie Françoise, Queen of Portugal.

She left some interesting memoirs, published by C. B. Petitot in the Collection complete des memoires (1819–1829).

She was the muse for Jean Loret's Muse historique (1650, 1660, 1665), a collection

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.