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Margaret de Baux

Margaret de Baux, Countess of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, and of Conversano, sometimes known as Margherita del Balzo (1394 – 15 November 1469), was a member of the noble del Balzo (de Baux) family of the Kingdom of Naples, which had its origins in Provence dating back to the 11th Century. Her husband was Peter of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, and of Conversano (1390 – 31 August 1433). Margaret's descendants include English Queen Consort Elizabeth Woodville, King Henry IV of France, Mary, Queen of Scots, and all English monarchs after 1509.

Family

Margaret was born in 1394, the daughter of Francesco del Balzo, 1st Duke of Andria (1330 – 23 April 1422) by his third wife Sueva Orsini (1360 – c.1430),[1] a descendant of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Eleanor of England (daughter of King John of England).[2]

Her paternal grandparents were Bertrand III del Balzo, Count of Andria and Squillace, and Marguerite d'Aulnay, and her maternal grandparents were Nicola Orsini, Count of Nola, Senator of Rome (27 August 1331 – 14 February 1399), and Jeanne de Sabran.

List of siblings

Margaret had two brothers by her father's third marriage to her mother, Sueva Orsini:

  • Guglielmo del Balzo (de Baux), Duke of Andria, married Maria Brunforte, by whom he had issue.
  • Bianchino del Balzo (de Baux), was the father of Tesco del Balzo, Governor of Pisa, and chief of the Milanese Army. He married Laura Rho, by whom he had issue.

She had two half-siblings from her father's second marriage to Margaret of Taranto:

  • James del Balzo (or Jacopo), Prince of Tarento and Archaia, Despot of Romania, Lord of Albania and Corfu, Titular Emperor of Constantinople[3] (1353–1384), married Agnes of Naples. The marriage was childless, but he had two illegitimate daughters by an unknown mistress.
  • Antonia of Balzo, Queen consort of Sicily (died 1374), in 1372, married King Frederick III the Simple.[3] The two had no issue.

Marriage and issue

On 8 May 1405, Margaret married Peter of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, and of Conversano (1390 – 31 August 1433), the eldest son of John of Luxembourg, Lord of Beauvoir and Marguerite of Enghien, Countess of Brienne and of Conversano, Heiress of Enghien. Peter inherited his mother's fiefs, which included the counties of Brienne and Conversano. He succeeded his aunt Jeanne of Luxembourg, Countess of Saint-Pol and Ligny, as Count of Saint-Pol in 1430. His younger brother John II of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny, an ally of the English during the Hundred Years War, received Joan of Arc as his prisoner, and subsequently sold her to the English, for 10,000 livres.

Peter and Margaret had nine children:[4]

Margaret died on 15 November 1469 at the age of 75 and was buried in Cercamp Abbey, Frévent, Pas-de-Calais.[5] Her husband Peter had died of plague in 1433.

Ancestry

References

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