World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Louise Adélaïde de Bourbon (1757–1824)

Article Id: WHEBN0023276885
Reproduction Date:

Title: Louise Adélaïde de Bourbon (1757–1824)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Louis Joseph, Prince of Condé, Hôtel de Mademoiselle de Condé, Princess Maria Theresa of Savoy
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Louise Adélaïde de Bourbon (1757–1824)

Louise Adélaïde
Abbess of Remiremont

Full name
Louise Adélaïde de Bourbon
Father Louis Joseph de Bourbon
Mother Charlotte de Rohan
Born (1757-10-05)5 October 1757
Château de Chantilly, France
Died 10 March 1824(1824-03-10) (aged 66)
Paris, France
Burial Abbaye Saint-Louis de Limon, Vauhallan, France
Signature
Religion Roman Catholicism

Louise Adélaïde de Bourbon (5 October 1757 – 10 March 1824)[1] was a French nun. She was the last Remiremont abbess and founded at the beginning of the Bourbon Restoration a religious community that became famous among French Catholics under the name of Bénédictines de la rue Monsieur. She constructed the Hôtel de Mademoiselle de Condé, named after her.

Biography

Born at the Château de Chantilly[1] in 1757, Louise Adélaïde de Bourbon was the third and last child of Louis Joseph de Bourbon, prince de Condé and his wife, born Charlotte de Rohan (1737–1760), the daughter of Charles de Rohan, prince de Soubise. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, she was born a princesse du sang; this entitled her to the style of Her Serene Highness.

At court, she was known as Mademoiselle de Condé and in some sources is styled as princesse de Condé.

A descendant of le Grand Condé, Louise Adelaïde was the aunt of the last duc d'Enghien. She was also a second cousin of the future revolutionary, Philippe Égalité. An first cousin was the Charles Alain, Prince of Guéméné, son of her aunt Victoire de Rohan, princesse de Guéméné.

Louise Adélaïde was supposed to marry her distant cousin Charles Philippe, comte d'Artois, but the marriage fell through; Charles later married Princess Maria Theresa of Savoy and eventually became King Charles X of France during the Bourbon Restoration.

Her mother died at the Hôtel de Condé after a long illness[2] as reported by the Duke of Luynes; at the time, Louise Adélaïde was just three years of age. As a result, Louise Adélaïde was raised by her great-aunt, Henriette Louise de Bourbon (1703–1772).

Henriette was the Benedictine abbess of Beaumont-lès-Tours (a former commune of Indre-et-Loire).[3] Due to her convent education, almost all of Louise Adélaïde's youth was spent in a religious setting. Her education was completed at the royal abbey of Bernardine Panthémont, located in the 7th arrondissement of Paris at the time.[4] In 1780, Mademoiselle de Condé requested permission to leave the convent of Panthémont. It was at this time that she built the Hôtel de Bourbon-Condé for her personal use, her father still retaining the grand Palais Bourbon built by his grandmother, Louise-Françoise de Bourbon, as his principal residence in Paris. Considerations of rank prevented her from marriage. In 1786, she was appointed Abbess of Remiremont. She did not, however, visit Remiremont more than three times during her period in office[5]

In 1789, she fled to Belgium to escape the first stages of the French Revolution . In 1802, in Poland, she took the veil, returning to Paris in 1816 to found a religious institution. She was later the Lady of Saint Pierre and Metz and Cetera, lordships she held in her own right.

Her father died in 1818. Louise Adélaïde died quietly in Paris six years later in 1824. Six months after her death, her former suitor, the comte d'Artois, succeeded to the French throne as King Charles X.

She was buried at the Abbaye Saint-Louis de Limon, Vauhallan.

Ancestry

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 5 October 1757 – 10 March 1824 Her Serene Highness Mademoiselle de Condé

References and notes

  • This article is based on the currant Louise-Adélaïde de Bourbon-Condé article on French World Heritage Encyclopedia.

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.