List of compositions by Ludwig van Beethoven

Portrait by Joseph Karl Stieler, 1820

The musical works of Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) are classified by both genre and various numbering systems.

The most common methods of numbering Beethoven's works are by opus number, assigned by Beethoven's publishers during his lifetime, and by number within genre. For example, the 14th string quartet, published as Opus 131, may be referenced either as "String Quartet No. 14" or "the Opus 131 String Quartet".

Many works that were unpublished or else published without opus numbers have been assigned either "WoO" (works without opus number) or "Anh" (appendix) numbers. For example, the short piano piece "Für Elise", is more fully known as the "Bagatelle in A minor, WoO 59 ('Für Elise')". Some works are also commonly referred to by their nicknames, such as the 'Kreutzer' Violin Sonata, or the Eroica Symphony.

The listings include all of these relevant identifiers. While other catalogues of Beethoven's works exist, the numbers here represent the most commonly used and widely known. Years in parentheses denote dates of composition or publication.

Contents

  • List of works by genre 1
    • Orchestral music 1.1
      • Symphonies 1.1.1
      • Concertos 1.1.2
      • Other works for soloist and orchestra 1.1.3
      • Overtures and incidental music 1.1.4
    • Chamber music 1.2
      • Trios 1.2.1
        • Piano trios 1.2.1.1
        • Piano quartets 1.2.1.2
        • String trios 1.2.1.3
        • Other 1.2.1.4
      • String quartets 1.2.2
        • Early 1.2.2.1
        • Middle 1.2.2.2
        • Late 1.2.2.3
      • String quintets 1.2.3
      • Chamber music with winds 1.2.4
      • Sonatas for solo instrument and piano 1.2.5
        • Violin sonatas 1.2.5.1
        • Cello sonatas 1.2.5.2
        • Horn sonatas 1.2.5.3
        • Other 1.2.5.4
    • Solo piano music 1.3
      • Piano sonatas 1.3.1
      • Variations 1.3.2
      • Bagatelles 1.3.3
      • Other piano works 1.3.4
    • Vocal music 1.4
      • Opera 1.4.1
      • Choral 1.4.2
      • Songs 1.4.3
      • Folksong arrangements 1.4.4
      • Secular vocal works 1.4.5
    • Music for wind band 1.5
  • List of works by number 2
    • Works with opus numbers 2.1
    • Works without opus numbers 2.2
      • Works with WoO numbers 2.2.1
        • Instrumental works: WoO 1–86 2.2.1.1
        • Vocal works: WoO 87–205 2.2.1.2
      • Works with Anhang (Anh.) numbers 2.2.2
      • Selected works with Hess (H) numbers 2.2.3
      • Works with Biamonti numbers 2.2.4
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

List of works by genre

Beethoven, caricatured by J. P. Lyser

Orchestral music

Beethoven wrote nine symphonies, nine concertos, and a variety of other orchestral music, ranging from overtures and incidental music for theatrical productions to other miscellaneous "occasional" works, written for a particular occasion. Of the concertos, seven are widely known (one violin concerto, five piano concertos, and one triple concerto for violin, piano, and cello); the other two are an unpublished early piano concerto (WoO 4) and an arrangement of the Violin Concerto for piano and orchestra (Opus 61a).

Symphonies

  • Opus 21: Symphony No. 1 in C major (composed 1799–1800, premièred 1800)
  • Opus 36: Symphony No. 2 in D major (composed 1801–02, premièred 1803)
  • Opus 55: Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major ("Eroica") (composed 1803/04, premièred 1805)
  • Opus 60: Symphony No. 4 in B-flat major (composed 1806, premièred 1807)
  • Opus 67: Symphony No. 5 in C minor ("Fate") (composed 1804–08, premièred 1808)
  • Opus 68: Symphony No. 6 in F major ("Pastoral") (composed 1804–08, premièred 1808)
  • Opus 92: Symphony No. 7 in A major (composed 1811–12, premièred 1813)
  • Opus 93: Symphony No. 8 in F major (composed 1812, premièred 1814)
  • Opus 125: Symphony No. 9 in D minor ("Choral") (composed 1817–24, premièred 1824)

Beethoven is believed to have intended to write a Tenth Symphony in the last year of his life; a performing version of possible sketches was assembled by Barry Cooper.[1]

Concertos

Other works for soloist and orchestra

Overtures and incidental music

  • Opus 43: The Creatures of Prometheus, overture and ballet music (1801)
  • Opus 62: Coriolan Overture (1807)
  • Overtures composed for Beethoven's opera Fidelio, Op. 72:
    • Opus 138: Leonore Overture "No. 1" in C major (1807)
    • Opus 72: Leonore Overture "No. 2" in C major (1805)
    • Opus 72a: Leonore Overture "No. 3" in C major (1806)
    • Opus 72b: Fidelio Overture in E major (1814)
  • Opus 84: Egmont, overture and incidental music (1810)
  • Opus 91: Wellington's Victory ("Battle Symphony") (1813)
  • Opus 113: The Ruins of Athens (Die Ruinen von Athen), overture and incidental music (1811)
  • Opus 117: King Stephen (König Stephan), overture and incidental music (1811)
  • Opus 115: Zur Namensfeier (Feastday) Overture (1815)
  • Opus 124: Consecration of the House (Die Weihe des Hauses), overture (1822)

Chamber music

Beethoven wrote 16 string quartets and numerous other forms of chamber music, including piano trios, string trios, and sonatas for violin and cello with piano, as well as works with wind instruments.

Trios

Piano trios

The numbering of Beethoven's twelve piano trios is fairly arbitrary, and other than the three trios in Op. 1 as being Nos. 1 through 3, sources including both recordings and authoritative publications use other numberings from those shown here, or more frequently, none at all. It is more usual to identify a piano trio only by its catalog number and key.

Piano quartets
  • WoO 36: 3 Piano Quartets (1785)
    • No. 1 in E-flat major
    • No. 2 in D major
    • No. 3 in C major
  • Opus 16/b: Piano Quartet in E-flat (1797) (arrangement of Quintet for Piano and Winds, Op. 16)
String trios
Other

String quartets

Early
Middle
Late

String quintets

Chamber music with winds

Sextet Op. 71




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Sonatas for solo instrument and piano

Violin sonatas
Cello sonatas
Horn sonatas
Other

Solo piano music

In addition to the 32 celebrated sonatas, Beethoven's work for solo piano includes many one-movement pieces, more than twenty sets of variations, most unpublished in his lifetime or published without opus number, and over thirty bagatelles, including the well-known "Für Elise".

Piano sonatas