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List of Castilian monarchs

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List of Castilian monarchs


See also List of Castilian consorts

This is a list of kings and queens of the Kingdom and Crown of Castile. For their predecessors, see List of Castilian counts.

Kings of Castile

Jiménez Dynasty

Monarch Image Nickname Began Ended Notes
Ferdinand I The Great 1037 27 December 1065 also King of León
Sancho II The strong 27 December 1065 6 October 1072  
Alfonso VI The Brave 6 October 1072 30 June 1109 also King of León
Urraca   30 June 1109 8 March 1126 also Queen of León

House of Burgundy

The follow dynasts are descendants, in the male line, of Urraca's first husband, Raymond of Burgundy.

Monarch Image Nickname Began Ended Notes
Alfonso VII The Emperor 10 March 1126 21 August 1157 also King of León
Sancho III The Desired 21 August 1157 31 August 1158  
Alfonso VIII The Noble 31 August 1158 6 October 1214

16 July 1212 won a decisive victory for the Reconquista at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa

Henry I   6 October 1214 6 June 1217  
Berengaria The Great 6 June 1217 30 August 1217 abdicated in favor of her son, Ferdinand III; died 1246
Ferdinand III The Saint 30 August 1217 30 May 1252 also King of León from 1230; all later kings were King of León as well
Alfonso X The Learned The Wise 30 May 1252 4 April 1284 elected King of the Romans in 1257, a title which he claimed until he renounced it in 1275
Sancho IV The Brave 4 April 1284 25 April 1295  
Ferdinand IV The Summoned 25 April 1295 7 September 1312  
Alfonso XI The Just 7 September 1312 26 March 1350  
Peter The Cruel 26 March 1350 23 March 1369 Killed by Henry II of Castile

Claimants as King of Castile and Léon

Coat of arms of the Crown of Castile
(Castile and León)

John of Gaunt claimed the title of King of Castile and Léon by virtue of his marriage to Constance, daughter of Peter of Castile. He conducted several military actions, borrowing heavily from London merchants, to solidify his title, without success.

House of Trastámara

Henry II was the illegitimate son of Alfonso XI. He was made duke of Trastámara.

Monarch Image Nickname Began Ended Notes
Henry II The Bastard 23 March 1369 29 May 1379 also claimed the throne from 1366
John I   29 May 1379 9 October 1390  
Henry III The Infirm 9 October 1390 25 December 1406  
John II   25 December 1406 21 July 1454  
Henry IV The Impotent 21 July 1454 11 December 1474  
Isabella I The Catholic 11 December 1474 26 November 1504 After ruling for a month on her own, Isabella was then joined by her husband, Ferdinand, who ruled Castile jure uxoris as Ferdinand V.
Ferdinand V The Catholic 15 January 1475 26 November 1504 Ferdinand was in Aragon when Isabella succeeded to the throne on 11 December 1474. He arrived at Segovia on 2 January 1475 and a negotiation ensued that was arbitrated by Archbishop Carrillo and Cardinal Mendoza. One of the points determined was whether Ferdinand was to be consort or jure uxoris king. In Concordia de Segovia, Carrillo and Mendoza wrote the opinion in 15 January 1475 that Ferdinand was jure uxoris King of Castile.

Succeeding to the throne of Aragon as Ferdinand II on 19 January 1479, Ferdinand then ruled all of non-Portuguese Iberia except Granada (added in 1492) and Navarre (added in 1515) effectively creating a de facto united realm of España.

In 1478 established the Spanish Inquisition to displace the Papal Inquisition

Joanna The mad 26 November 1504 12 April 1555 in name, with her husband Philip I (1504–1506).
in confinement, with regent Archbishop Cisneros (1506-1508).
in confinement, with her father Ferdinand V (1508-1516).
in confinement, with her son Charles I (1516–1555)

House of Habsburg

Monarch Image Nickname Began Ended Notes
Philip I The Handsome 26 November 1504 25 September 1506 jure uxoris king ruling on behalf of his wife, Joanna I
Charles I The Emperor 13 March 1516 16 January 1556 jointly with his mother Joanna I in confinement to 1555,
abdicated in favor of his son 1556, died 21 September 1558.
Philip II The Prudent 16 January 1556 13 September 1598 son of Charles I and Isabella of Portugal
Philip III The Pious 13 September 1598 31 March 1621 son of Philip II and Anna of Austria
Philip IV The Great 31 March 1621 17 September 1665 son of Philip III and Margaret of Austria
Charles II The Bewitched 17 September 1665 1 November 1700 son of Philip IV and Mariana of Austria

The Crown of Castile existed on its own right within the Spanish crown and with its own law until the arrival of the Bourbon dynasty after the War of Spanish Succession.

Suggested reading

  • Barton, Simon. The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century León and Castile. Cambridge University Press, 1997. Appendix I: "The Counts of Twelfth Century León and Castile and Aragon, pp. 235–302.

See also

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