World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kleinmachnow

Article Id: WHEBN0005468916
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kleinmachnow  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tina Bara, Nikolassee, Deutschland 83, Berlin border crossings, Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region
Collection: Localities in Potsdam-Mittelmark
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kleinmachnow

Kleinmachnow
Coat of arms of Kleinmachnow
Coat of arms
Kleinmachnow   is located in Germany
Kleinmachnow
Coordinates:
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Potsdam-Mittelmark
Government
 • Mayor Wolfgang Blasig (SPD)
Area
 • Total 11.94 km2 (4.61 sq mi)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 20,405
 • Density 1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 14532
Dialling codes 033203
Vehicle registration PM
Website www.kleinmachnow.de

Kleinmachnow is a wealthy municipality in the Potsdam-Mittelmark district, in Brandenburg, Germany.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
    • Demography 2.1
  • Politics 3
  • Twin town 4
  • Notable people 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Geography

It is situated 19 km (12 mi) southwest of the centre of Berlin, immediately neighbouring the borough of Steglitz-Zehlendorf, and 12 km (7.5 mi) east of Potsdam. The municipality encompasses the settlement of Dreilinden.

History

Canal lock

Kleinmachnow arose at the former Bäke creek, today replaced by the Teltow Canal built in 1906. Parvo Machenow was first mentioned in the 1375 land registry (Landbuch) of Emperor Charles IV, then also Brandenburg Elector. In medieval times the ford was controlled by a castle, recently held by the Hake noble family. Together with the canal the Kleinmachnow lock was erected, soon becoming a landmark.

From the early 20th century the former village developed to an affluent suburb of Berlin. In 1937 Reichspost, acquired the Hakeburg mansion as his residence and established a large research facility of communications-electronics here. In World War II Kleinmachnow was the site of a labour camp with about 5000 inmates, including a subcamp of Sachsenhausen.

Crash site of LM316 in Kleinmachnow south of Berlin.

On the night of 2–3 December 1943, a Lancaster plane of the Royal Australian Air Force was shot down over Kleinmachnow, one of those killed being the well-known Norwegian writer and poet Nordahl Grieg, at the time serving as a war correspondent. (A memorial stone was unveiled at the site () in November 2003.}

In 1946 the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) seized the Hakeburg, which hosted the party's academy in the following years. From 1961 to 1989 the municipality was girded by the Berlin Wall on three sides and the motorway near Dreilinden (today Bundesautobahn 115) was the site of a major border crossing, counterpart of the Allied checkpoint Bravo in West Berlin. Since German reunification Kleinmachnow has seen a major increase of population, while the restitution of numerous plots in favour of those owners who had fled from the GDR led to fierce conflicts.

Demography

Kleinmachnow:
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)
[2]
Year Population
1875 176
1890 181
1910 401
1925 840
1933 3 589
1939 12 565
1946 11 792
1950 13 743
1964 13 817
1971 14 304
Year Population
1981 13 159
1985 12 435
1989 11 830
1990 11 613
1991 11 374
1992 11 233
1993 11 162
1994 11 083
1995 11 283
1996 11 577
Year Population
1997 12 715
1998 13 795
1999 14 826
2000 15 796
2001 16 507
2002 17 100
2003 17 497
2004 17 988
2005 18 367
2006 18 778
Year Population
2007 19 193
2008 19 395
2009 19 589
2010 19 890
2011 20 086
2012 20 194
2013 20 405

Politics

Seats in the municipal assembly (Gemeindevertretung) as of 2008 elections:

Twin town

Notable people

  • Lily Braun, feminist, born July 2, 1865 in Halberstadt, died August 8, 1916 in Berlin, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1909
  • Friedrich Kayßler, actor, born April 7, 1874 in Neurode (Nowa Ruda), died April 24, 1945 in Kleinmachnow
  • Arnold Schönberg, composer, born September 13, 1874 in Vienna, died July 13, 1951 in Los Angeles, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1911 to 1913
  • Kurt Weill, composer, born March 2, 1900 in Dessau; died April 3, 1950 in New York City, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1932 to 1933
  • Hanns Maaßen, writer, born December 26, 1908 in Lübeck, died June 23, 1983 in Mahlow, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1971
  • Fred Wander, writer, born January 5, 1917 in Vienna, died July 10, 2006 in Vienna, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1958 to 1983
  • Karl Gass, documentary filmmaker, born February 2, 1917 in Mannheim, died January 29, 2009 in Kleinmachnow, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1961 to 2009
  • Christa Wolf, writer, born March 18, 1929 in Landsberg an der Warthe (Gorzów Wielkopolski), died December 1, 2011 in Berlin, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1962 to 1976
  • Bushido, German raper, living in his mansion.

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2013 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)".  
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.