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Hans-Jürgen von Bose

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Hans-Jürgen von Bose

Hans-Jürgen von Bose (born 24 December 1953 in Munich) is a German composer.

Life

After an unsettled adolescence, Bose entered the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt in 1969, where he received instruction in piano and music theory. Upon graduating from the conservatory, he studied composition (under Hans Ulrich Engelmann), piano ( under Klaus Billing), and conducting at the Frankfurt University of Music and Performing Arts. After attending the Darmstädter Ferienkurse in 1974 and the premiere of his First String Quartet, he was awarded several scholarships, among others from the Mozart Foundation and the German National Academic Foundation. In 1976, Bose dropped out of school in Frankfurt and settled in Munich as a freelance artist. The following works like Morphogenesis (1976), Das Diplom (1976), Die Nacht aus Blei (1981), 63: Dream Palace (1990), among others, he received numerous grants and awards:

He received commissions from renowned orchestras and opera houses including Idyllen (1982/83) for the Berlin Philharmonic. In the 1980s, Bose became a member of the jury of the "Summer Music Festival Hitzacker" as well as a lecturer at the "Young Composers' Meeting" in Weikersheim. After a visiting professorship for composition at the Salzburg Mozarteum he succeeded Wilhelm Killmayer as professor of composition at the University of Music and Theater in Munich in 1992 (until 2007). Now he is teaching again at University of Music and Theater in Munich since 2012.

As a teacher, he has decisively influenced the work of, among others, Moritz Eggert, Hans Huyssen, Lutz Landwehr of Pragenau, Volker Nickel, Klaus Schedl, Alexander Strauch, Carl Christian Bettendorf, Mark Moebius, Andreas Daams, Michael Bastian Weiss, Anno Schreier and Jeon Minje.

Hans-Jürgen von Bose currently lives and works Berlin.

Work

Hans-Jürgen von Bose's music is characterized in the early works by the juxtaposition, and interlocking of structural, and public sound elements. Overcoming the serial composition, and advocating a subjective semantics, since the Darmstadt Summer Courses 1978, as the "New Simplicity" (this was also true for other composers such as Wolfgang Rihm and Detlev Müller-Siemens), with the term Strukturalität, meaning the time and the complex treatment could not cover compositions. Under the slogan "New Subjectivity" which began in the '70s, the consensus against serial constructive thinking was a significant impetus for a new material term derived from an objective understanding of the turning material.

The label "New Simplicity" was misapplied to Bose’s works starting with the String Trio of 1978, though it does point to the presence of an important, though intimate and concealed semantic dimension in his works which can be directly experienced. Beginning in 1989 with the opera 63: Dream Palace, Bose has enriched the process of temporal layering and serial organization characteristic of his music, in a spirit of reflective postmodernism, by borrowing stylistic elements from the past and present.[1]

He wrote the libretto for 63: Dream Palace) himself after the novella by James Purdy. It was premiered at the second Munich Biennale in 1990. The heterogeneity of post-modernism is processed through the different reflected styles. A highlight of this period is the opera Slaughterhouse V (1996), whose libretto is based on the novel Slaughterhouse 5, or the children's crusade, by Kurt Vonnegut.

The bridge-building between modernism and post-modernism appears as a significant moment of Bose's work.

Slaughterhouse Five

Bose used here the technique of copying style, in the sense of an expansion of their own musical language, but not in a gesture of artistic task specificity. This shows a reinterpretation of the post-modern discourse. If the general attitude of post-modernism, as the majority understood, the impossibility of new artistic ideas to create, so in a time telling stories, the only option would be to process historical material, and present Slaughterhouse 5 those processed as a new (positive) attitude of artistic.

Post-structuralism

The French philosophy and its theory of "Death of the Author" (Roland Barthes) make this its influence significantly, as the "personal style" of Bose as a "hopefully soon to be overcome relic of the 19th Century" [2] Similarly, the historical allusion in Slaughterhouse 5 is not collage, but amalgamated and superimposed. The historical boundaries of the material will not be respected and taken into account. Referring to the term Rhizom, coined by the philosophers Deleuze and Guattari, Bose defines in Slaughterhouse 5 the artistic roots as often ramified and heterogeneously structured.

Significant for Bose's creativity in general, and Slaughterhouse 5 in particular, is the treatment of temporal complexity. The linear understanding of time is replaced by simultaneity, zeitspastischen analogous to the understanding of the protagonist Billy Pilgrim. Bose also permits the findings from the chaos theory, neurobiology and astrophysics polymorphic in his understanding of time are introduced, through the music out into the structuring of the libretto were implemented. Sergei Eisenstein established form of the film will be cut here – even composition – used so that different levels of "fast and hard against geschnitten" [3] can be used in compositional layering and continued interweaving. The composer speaks in this context of a "time - Palimpsest".[4]

The opera was created as a work commissioned by the Bavarian State Opera and opened in 1996 the Munich Opera Festival (directed by Eike Gramss de:Eike Gramss).

Album

Vocal music

  • Three Songs for tenor and chamber orchestra (1977)
  • Symphonic fragment(Hölderlin) (1979/80)
  • Guarda el canto(Miguel Angel Bustos) - Four fragments in three movements for soprano and string quartet. (1981)
  • Sapphosongs for mezzo soprano and chamber orchestra. (1983)
  • Sonnet XLIIfor baritone and Streichquartett (Shakespeare, 1985)
  • Five nursery rhymes - from "Des Knaben Wunderhorn" for alto and five instruments. (1985)
  • ... Spoken in the wind- Spiritual music for solo soprano, two spokesmen. (1985)
  • Omega- Five Poems of Federico Garcia Lorca for mezzo soprano and piano. (1986)
  • Todesfuge - Mixed Choir with baritone solo and organ. (1989)
  • Love After Love - (D. Walcott) for soprano and orchestra. (1990/91)
  • The trip to the mountains [5] - Franz Kafka, for counter-tenor and piano. (2005)
  • Kafka cycle for countertenor and cello, Aribert Reimann dedicated to 70.Geburtstag. (2006)
  • Lamentoand Dithyrambus (I. Bachmann) for counter tenor, keyboard, piano and tubular bells, Hans-Werner Henze to 80.Geburtstag dedicated. (2006)
  • Bernhardcycle- Three songs to poems by Thomas Bernhard, for soprano and piano. (2006)
  • Invocation "cycle for countertenor and organ. (2008)

Stage works

  • Blood (Ramon del Valle-Inclan) - Opera 1 act (Comp. 1974)
  • The Night of lead - kinetic action in six pictures of Hans Henny Jahnn. (Comp. 1981)
  • Chimera - music scene by Federico Garcia Lorca. (1986)
  • The Sorrows of Young Werther - Lyric scenes in two parts and an interlude. (Comp. 1987/88)
  • Werther scenes - Ballet in two parts and an interlude. (Comp. 1988)
  • 63: Dream Palace - an opera based on novel by James Purdy. (Comp. 1989)
  • Medea fragment - music by Hans Henny Jahnn. (Comp. 1993)
  • Slaughterhouse V - opera, libretto by the composer after Kurt Vonnegut. (Comp. 1995)
  • K-project 12/14 - musical theater after Kafka's The Metamorphosis. (2002)

Instrumental music

  • Morphogenisis for large orchestra. (1975)
  • Travesty in a Sad Landscape - Variations for chamber orchestra. (1978)
  • Music for a house full time for large chamber orchestra. (1978)
  • Idylls - to 100-year anniversary of the Berlin Symphony Orchestra. (1982/83)
  • Symbolumfor organ and orchestra. (1985)
  • 1 mazefor large orchestra. (1987)
  • Concertino per il HWH for chamber orchestra. (1991)
  • Maze for Piano II. (1992)

Chamber music

  • String Quartet No. 1 (1973)
  • String Quartet No. 2 (1976–1977)
  • String Trio (1978)
  • ... vom Wege abkommen for viola solo (1981–1982)
  • Three Epitaphs for brass sextet (1987)
  • Music for Cello Solo[6] (2002)
  • Music for K [7] for violin, cello and piano (2002)
  • String Trio (2006), commissioned by the Bavarian State Opera to 80. Geburtstag by Hans-Werner Henze

Piano music

  • 3 small piano pieces. (1982)
  • Labyrinth II (1987)
  • Origami, 2 episodes for piano, 4-hands. (1991)

Publications

  • Search for a new ideal of beauty. In: E. Thomas, holiday courses `78. (= Darmstadt contributions to New Music 17)
  • "Mit der Zeit springt gegen die Langeweile. Schlachthaus 5: Ein Plädoyer für die moderne Oper". In "Theater ist ein Traumort": Opern des 20. Jahrhunderts von Janáček bis Widmann, edited by Hanspeter Krellmann and Jürgen Schläder, 350–54. Berlin: Henschel, 2005. ISBN 3-89487-505-4.

References and footnotes

  • von Bose, Hans-Jürgen. 2005. "Mit der Zeit springt gegen die Langeweile. Schlachthaus 5: Ein Plädoyer für die moderne Oper". In "Theater ist ein Traumort": Opern des 20. Jahrhunderts von Janáček bis Widmann, edited by Hanspeter Krellmann and Jürgen Schläder, 350–54. Berlin: Henschel. ISBN 3-89487-505-4.

Further reading

  • Hauser, Florian. 2005. " Hans-Jürgen von Bose—Augenblicke, oder, Zeit ist relativ: Einige Gedanken über Vonnegut's Billy Pilgrim". In "Theater ist ein Traumort": Opern des 20. Jahrhunderts von Janáček bis Widmann, edited by Hanspeter Krellmann and Jürgen Schläder, 355–58. Berlin: Henschel. ISBN 3-89487-505-4.
  • Mauser, Siegfried. 2001. "Bose, Hans-Jürgen von". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.
  • Mauser, Siegfried. 2002. "Hans-Jürgen von Bose". Komponisten der Gegenwart: Loseblatt-Lexikon—Nachlieferung. XXIV, edited by Hanns-Werner Heister and Walter-Wolfgang Sparrer. Munich: Edition text+kritik. ISBN 3-88377-414-6.
  • Reimann, Aribert. 1979. "Junge Avantgarde. Sieben junge Komponisten geben Auskunft uber ihren Standort". Neue Zeitschrift für Musik 140, no. 1:5–24.
  • Reimann, Aribert. 1988. "Zum Beispiel von Bose". Neue Zeitschrift für Musik 149, nos. 7–8:32–39.[contradiction]
  • Schibli, Sigfrid. 1988. "'...die sinnliche Qualität von Musik hinüberretten': Der Komponist Hans-Jürgen von Bose und seine neuesten Werke". Neue Zeitschrift für Musik 149, nos. 7–8:30–39.

External links

  • homepage of the composer
  • MIZ-entry
  • brief biography (Schott)
  • Short Biography (Ricordi)
  • brief biography (copy-us) works and how to download
  • discussion with Hans-Jürgen von Bose and Siegfried Mauser (among others) in the Bavarian Broadcasting
  • "New Subjectivity" in the 70s: from Bose, Trojahn, Rihm
  • description of the Kafka Project 12/14


This article incorporates information from the revision as of 2009-05-05 of the equivalent article on the Deutsch World Heritage Encyclopedia.

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