World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

European art cinema

Article Id: WHEBN0023856629
Reproduction Date:

Title: European art cinema  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Art film, Counterculture of the 1960s, Film styles, Woody Allen, Film genres
Collection: Film Genres, Film Styles, Film Theory
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

European art cinema

European art cinema is a branch of cinema that was popular in the 1960s. It is based on a rejection of the tenets and techniques of classical Hollywood cinema.


  • History 1
  • Differences from classical 2
  • Notable films 3
  • References 4
  • Literature 5


European art cinema gained popularity in the 1960s, with notable filmmakers such as Federico Fellini, Michelangelo Antonioni, and Ingmar Bergman. At this time it was new to the even broader field of art cinema.

Differences from classical

The continuity editing system is not necessarily abandoned but instead is not needed. The cause and effect driven narrative, as well as the goal-oriented protagonist[1] are also not needed. Instead, we may have the protagonist wander around aimlessly for the whole movie, with nothing of real importance happening to drive him from one activity to the other.

Classical Hollywood cinema has a narrative transitivity, in which there is "a sequence of events in which each unit follows the one preceding it according to a chain of causation; this chain is usually psychological".[2] The 'tale over teller' mantra of the classical Hollywood cinema is closely linked to the editing form that classical Hollywood cinema takes, and the rules they impose. For example, the 180 degree rule is followed since crossing the 180 degree line will cause a disturbance or a jarring effect on the viewer, thus calling attention away from story and to the teller. Jump cuts are avoided, since they can cause an ellipsis of the spatial or temporal kind. It is the job of classical Hollywood cinema to get the audience lost and absorbed into the story of the film, so that the film is pleasurable. In contrast the task of European art cinema is to be ambiguous, utilizing an open-ended (and sometimes intertextual) plot, causing the audience to ask questions themselves whilst introducing an element of subjectivity.[3]

Another way they differ in terms of ‘realism’ is that Hollywood classical cinema has characters in full make up all the time, even when just coming out of bed; whereas European art cinema strives for a representation of the 'truth' and may not have characters in costume or make up.[4]

Notable films


  1. ^ Kuhn, A. (1985). The Classic Narrative System. The Cinema Book, 212. London: British Film Institute.
  2. ^ Wollen, P. (1982). Godard and Counter-Cinema: Vent d’est, 80. Semiotic Counter-Strategies: Readings and Writings London: Verso
  3. ^ Wollen, P. (1982). Godard and Counter-Cinema: Vent d’est, 85. Semiotic Counter-Strategies: Readings and Writings London: Verso
  4. ^ Wollen, P. (1982). Godard and Counter-Cinema: Vent d’est, 89. Semiotic Counter-Strategies: Readings and Writings London: Verso


  • Dobi, Stephen J., Cinema 16: America's Largest Film Society. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, New York University, 1984
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.