World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

English national identity

Article Id: WHEBN0030814107
Reproduction Date:

Title: English national identity  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: English, Ecclesiastical History of the English People, English nationalism, English society, British literature
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

English national identity

A national identity of the English as the people or ethnic group native to England developed in the Middle Ages arguably beginning with the unification of the Kingdom of England in the 10th century, but explicitly in the 11th century after the Norman Conquest, when Englishry came to be the status of the subject indigenous population. From the eighteenth century the terms 'English' and 'British' began to be seen as interchangeable to many of the English.[1]

While the official UK census does record ethnicity, it conflates the English, Welsh and Scottish groups into White British (while making the distinction of White Irish).

Although Englishness and Britishness are used synonymously in some contexts,[2] the two terms are not identical and their relation to each other is complex. Englishness is often a response to different national identities within Britain such as Scottishness, Irishness, Welshness.[3]

Sometimes Englishness is thought to be encapsulated in terms of a particular relation to sport: "fair play," for instance. Arguably, England's "national games" are football and, particularly, cricket. As cricket historian Dominic Malcolm argues, the link between cricket and England's national identity became solidified through literature. Works such as James Love's "Cricket: an heroic poem" and Mary Mitford's "our Village," along with Nyren's "cricketers of my Time" and Pycroft's "The Cricket Field," purported to identity the characteristics of cricket with the notional characteristics of English society, such as pragmatism, integrity, and independence.[4]


  1. ^ Smith, Anthony (13 May 2005). "‘Set in the Silver Sea’: English National Identity and European Integration". Workshop: National Identity and Euroscepticism: A Comparison Between France and the United Kingdom. University of Oxford. Retrieved 10 February 2011. 
  2. ^ "South East Wales Public Life - Dr Gwynfor Evans". BBC. Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  3. ^ MacPhee, Graham and Prem Poddar, ed. (2010). Empire and After: Englishness in Postcolonial Perspective. New York: Berghahn Books. pp. 1–25.  
  4. ^ Malcolm, Dominic (2012). Globalizing Cricket: Englishness, Empire and Identity. London: Bloomsbury. p. 34.  

Further reading

See also

External links

  • Clarkson, Jeremy (25 November 2007). "We’ve been robbed of our Englishness". Sunday Times. Retrieved 10 February 2011. 
  • Glass, Bryan S (24 March 2005). "English Identity in the Wake of Devolution". Southwestern Political Science Association. Retrieved 10 February 2011. 
  • Glass, Bryan S (7 April 2005). "The Devolution Gamble: State, Nation, and Identity in England". The Midwest Political Science Association. Retrieved 10 February 2011. 
  • Hill, Amelia (13 June 2004). "The English identity crisis: who do you think you are?". The Observer. Retrieved 10 February 2011. 
  • Kenny, Michael (11 February 2010). "Englishness: the forbidden identity". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 February 2011. 
  • Kumar, Krishan (2003). The making of English national identity. Cambridge cultural social studies. Cambridge University Press.  
  • Younge, Gary (28 June 2010). "England's identity crisis". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 February 2011. 

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.