World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Demand reduction

Article Id: WHEBN0002082279
Reproduction Date:

Title: Demand reduction  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Drug policy, Responsible drug use, Illicit drug use in Australia, Drug Enforcement Administration, Convention on Psychotropic Substances
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Demand reduction

Demand reduction refers to efforts aimed at reducing the public desire for illegal and illicit drugs. The drug policy is in contrast to the reduction of drug supply, but the two policies are often implemented together. Some discussions of demand reduction make a distinction between policies that address single issues (such as public "knowledge-of-harms") or are short-term interventions (such as in-school programs), and those that approach drug demand as a complex issue with multiple social risk factors.[1] Some economists such as Milton Friedman argue that due to the law of supply and demand, reducing demand is the only effective way to reduce drug use long-term. It is questionable, however, whether demand reduction programs actually reduce demand.

Implementation examples

In June 2000, Canada replaced the black-and-white warning messages on cigarette cartons sold in that country with color graphic depictions of the consequences of smoking, mandating that they cover 50% of the front surface of each carton.[2] Each tobacco product features one such image from a series, which includes people dying in hospitals, rotting mouths, and dissected body parts depicting tumors, along with simple bold messages stating that cigarettes cause cancer, mouth disease, impotence, and harm babies.[3] International research supports the efficacy of such warning messages.[4]

Other examples of demand reduction programs include D.A.R.E., the State of Montana's Not Even Once.,[5] and the Drug policy of Sweden.[6]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ The impact of pictures on the effectiveness of tobacco warnings
  5. ^ BBC: Montana meth ads winning drug battle, Friday, 22 August 2008
  6. ^ National Drug Policy of Sweden a brief introduction to Sweden’s national drug policy prepared for The Senate Special Committee on Illegal Drugs; Library of Parliament, Canada; 18 April 2002.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.