Claude of valois

Claude of Valois
Duchess consort of Lorraine

Spouse Charles III, Duke of Lorraine
Henry II, Duke of Lorraine
Christina, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Charles, Cardinal of Lorraine
Antoinette, Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
Francis II, Duke of Lorraine
Catherine, Abbess of Remiremont
Elisabeth Renata, Electress of Bavaria
House House of Lorraine
House of Valois
Father Henry II of France
Mother Catherine de' Medici
Born (1547-11-12)12 November 1547
Died 21 February 1575(1575-02-21) (aged 27)
Nancy, France

Claude of France (12 November 1547, Fontainebleau - 21 February 1575, Nancy) was the second daughter of King Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.


Claude was raised alongside her sister Elisabeth, the future Queen of Spain, and sister-in-law, the future Mary, Queen of Scots. She was married on 19 January 1559, at the age of 11, to Charles III, Duke of Lorraine. Claude was victim of the unhealthy traits that Catherine appeared to pass on to her children (with the exception of Marguerite) and suffered from a hunchback and club foot.

This very discreet princess was the favourite daughter of her mother. She often left Nancy, the capital of Lorraine, in order to live near her mother in the heart of France. Catherine de' Medici also liked to visit her daughter in Lorraine. Against her mother's wishes, though, Claude did try to warn her younger sister Marguerite de Valois of the danger she would face as the new wife of the Huguenot King of Navarre on the night of the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre.

Claude died in childbirth in 1575.


Claude and her husband had nine children:


External links

Kingdom of France portal
  • Medici Archive Project
Preceded by
Christina of Denmark
Duchess of Lorraine
Succeeded by
Margerita Gonzaga
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