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Case–Church Amendment

 

Case–Church Amendment

Case–Church Amendment
Great Seal of the United States
Other short titles Case–Church Amendment of 1973
Long title A joint resolution making continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1974, and for other purposes.
Enacted by the 93rd United States Congress
Effective July 1, 1973
Citations
Public Law 93-52
Statutes at Large 87 Stat. 130
Codification
Titles amended 22 U.S.C.: Foreign Relations and Intercourse
U.S.C. sections amended 22 U.S.C. ch. 32 §§ 2151, 2751
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the House as H.J.Res. 636 by D-TX) on June 25, 1973
  • Committee consideration by House Appropriations, Senate Appropriations
  • Passed the House on June 26, 1973 (325–86)
  • Passed the Senate on June 29, 1973 (73–16)
  • Reported by the joint conference committee on June 30, 1973; agreed to by the House on June 30, 1973 (266–75) and by the Senate on June 30, 1973 (agreed)
  • Signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon on July 1, 1973

The Case–Church Amendment was legislation approved by the U.S. Congress in June 1973 that prohibited further U.S. military activity in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia unless the president secured Congressional approval in advance. This ended direct U.S. military involvement in the Vietnam War, although the U.S. continued to provide military equipment and economic support to the South Vietnamese government. It is named for its principal co-sponsors, Senators Clifford P. Case (R-NJ) and Frank Church (D-ID). The Amendment was defeated 48–42 in the U.S. Senate in August 1972, but revived after the 1972 election. It was reintroduced on January 26, 1973 and approved by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on May 13.[1] When it became apparent that the Amendment would pass, President Richard Nixon and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger,[2] lobbied frantically to have the deadline extended.[3] It passed the United States Congress with bipartisan support in June by a margin of 325–86 in the House, and 73–16 in the Senate.[4][5] Both of these margins were greater than the two-thirds majority required to override a presidential veto.[4] Although U.S. ground forces had been withdrawn earlier under a policy called Vietnamization, bombing continued until August 15, 1973, the deadline set by the Amendment.

See also

References

  1. ^ Bresler, Jon, "A Precedent for Cutting Funding and Ending the War in Iraq"
  2. ^ Prados, John. Vietnam: The History of an Unwinnable War, 1945–1975. University Press of Kansas, 2009, p. 529.
  3. ^ Karnow, Stanley Vietnam: A History, p. 671. (1991).
  4. ^ a b "The Vietnam War The Bitter End 1969 - 1975 (timeline)". The history place. Retrieved 2006-09-05. 
  5. ^ Peters,Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Richard Nixon: "Statement on Signing the Second Supplemental and Continuing Appropriations Bills.," July 1, 1973". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
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