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Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este

 

Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este

Marie Thérèse Félicité
Princess of Modena
Duchess of Penthièvre

1750 portrait at Eu
Spouse Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre
Issue
Louis Alexandre, Prince of Lamballe
Marie Adélaide, Duchess of Orléans
Full name
Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este
Father Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena
Mother Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans
Born (1726-10-06)6 October 1726
Ducal Palace, Modena
Died 30 April 1754(1754-04-30) (aged 27)
Château de Rambouillet, France
Burial Chapelle royale de Dreux
Religion Roman Catholicism

Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este (October 6, 1726 – April 30, 1754) was born a princess of Modena and was by marriage the Duchess of Penthièvre. She was the mother-in-law of Philippe Égalité and thus the grandmother to the future Louis-Philippe of France.

Life

Born in Emilia-Romagna[1] in Modena, she was the daughter of Francesco III, Duke of Modena and his wife, the French princess Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans. Her mother was a granddaughter of Louis XIV of France by a mistress.

One of nine children, she was the first daughter of the family. Her parents' marriage was not happy, and her mother eventually returned to France to live. The duchess took up residence in the Luxembourg Palace in Paris with the permission of Louis XV. It was while her mother was in France that a marriage was arranged between Maria Teresa Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, duc de Penthièvre.

Marriage

Penthièvre was Maria Teresa's mother's first cousin. Charlotte Aglaé's mother was the sister of the duke's father, Louis-Alexandre Count of Toulouse. The young duke had inherited a vast fortune when his father died in 1737.

A proxy wedding ceremony took place in Modena. It was followed on 29 December 1744 by another ceremony at the Palace of Versailles. According to contemporaries, the marriage between the duke and his wife, now known officially as S.A.S., the duchesse de Penthièvre,[2] was a very happy one. It produced many children:

Descendants

Only two of the Penthièvre children survived into adulthood. Marie Thérèse died at the Château de Rambouillet after giving birth to Louis Marie Félicité de Bourbon, who died soon afterwards. Originally buried in the chapel at Rambouillet, after the Bourbon Restauration in the early 19th century, she was later moved to the Chapelle royale de Dreux by her daughter.

Gallery

Ancestry

References

External links

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