World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Julius Francis of Saxe-Lauenburg


Julius Francis of Saxe-Lauenburg

Julius Francis
Caption: IULIUS FRANCISCUS, Sax., Angriae et Westphaliae Dux
Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
Reign 1666 – 1689
Predecessor Francis Erdmann
Successor George William
Consort Hedwig of the Palatinate-Sulzbach
Anna Maria Franziska, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Sibylle, Margravine of Baden-Baden
House House of Ascania
Father Julius Henry, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
Mother Anna Magdalena of Lobkowicz
Born (1641-09-16)16 September 1641
Died 30 September 1689(1689-09-30) (aged 48)
Religion Roman Catholic

Julius Francis (Prague, 16 September 1641 – 30 September 1689, Reichstadt) was duke of Saxe-Lauenburg between 1666 and 1689. He was a son of Duke Julius Henry and his third wife Anna Magdalena of Lobkowicz (1606 – 1668), daughter of Baron William the Younger Popel von Lobkowitz (Popel z Lobk wicz). He was officially known as Julius Franz von Sachsen, Engern und Westfalen.


His father Julius Henry had acquired sprawling estates around and a castle in Ploschkowitz (Ploskovice) and Schlackenwerth (Ostrov), Kingdom of Bohemia. Julius Francis had inherited more estates from his Bohemian mother, which is why the dukes of Saxe-Lauenburg had been adopted into the Bohemian nobility, however, not as imperially immediate aristocrats, as in their homeland.

Having no sons Julius Francis provided for the legal grounds of female succession in Saxe-Lauenburg. With his death the Lauenburg line of the House of Ascania was extinct in the male line. So Julius Francis' two daughters Anna Maria Franziska and Sibylle fought for the succession of the former, the elder sister. Also Julius Francis' cousin, Eleonore Charlotte of Saxe-Lauenburg-Franzhagen, claimed the succession.

Their weakness was abused by George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who invaded Saxe-Lauenburg with his troops, thus inhibiting the ascension of the legal heiress.

Also other monarchies claimed the succession, resulting into a conflict involving further the neighboring duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and of Danish Holstein, as well as the five Ascanian-ruled Principalities of Anhalt, the Electorate of Saxony, which had succeeded the Dukes of Saxe-Wittenberg in 1422, Sweden and Brandenburg.

Militarily engaged were Celle and Danish Holstein, which agreed on 9 October 1693 (Hamburger Vergleich), that Celle - anyway de facto holding most of Saxe-Lauenburg - would retain the duchy in personal union. In 1728 Charles VI finally legitimized the de facto takeover. Anna Maria Franziska and Sibylle, never waiving their claim, were dispossessed in Saxe-Lauenburg and the former exiled in Ploschkowitz.

Marriage and issue

On 9 April 1668 Julius Francis married in Sulzbach Hedwig of the Palatinate (1650 – 1681), daughter of Christian Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach. They had three daughters:

married firstly on 29 October 1690 in Raudnitz upon Elbe Philip William Augustus, Count Palatine of Neuburg (1668 - 1693), son of Philip William, Elector Palatine;
married secondly on 2 July 1697 in Düsseldorf Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1671–1737)

External links

Julius Francis, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
Born: 16 September 1641 in Prague Died: 30 September 1689 in Reichstadt
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Francis Erdmann
Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
1666 – 1689
Succeeded by
George William

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.