World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

International Women's Year

Article Id: WHEBN0012259226
Reproduction Date:

Title: International Women's Year  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Index of feminism articles, International Year of the Child, 1975, Beijing Declaration, Anti-discrimination law
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

International Women's Year

Stamps of the German Democratic Republic: Women of different nations, Logo of the UN

International Women's Year (IWY) was the name given to 1975 by the United Nations. Since that year March 8 has been celebrated as International Women's Day,[1] and the United Nations Decade for Women, from 1976–1985, was also established.[2]


The first World Conference on Women was held in Mexico City from June 19–2 July .[2] The 1975 conference and IWY were part of a larger United Nations program which developed over the Decade of Women (1976–85), and included the drafting and of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW),[3] agreed at the second conference in 1979. The 1985 third conference in Nairobi, Kenya not only closed the decade of women, but set a series of member state schedules for removal of legislated gender discrimination in national laws by the year 2000. The 1973-5 planning of the IWY, led by Assistant Secretary General for Social and Humanitarian Affairs Helvi Sipila was very much influenced by the rise of Second Wave Feminist movements throughout the developed world in the early 1970s. Delegates sought to deepen these advances in legal recognition of female equality and bring them to the developing world, and promote the role of women as an aid for economic development.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

The 1975 Mexico City Conference was attended by over a thousand delegates. Prominent attendees included:

An International Women's Year Tribune was also organised and attended by 4,000 women in 1975.[2]

Zionism controversy

This conference was also notable for passing the first "Zionism is racism" resolution passed at any UN-sponsored forum, thus preparing the way for United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379 in 1975 the following November.[12][13]


United States of America


As a result of the international focus on Women in 1975, a number of institutions were established:


The IWY also launched the "dove" emblem used by the IWY, CEDAW, and UNIFIL. A stylized dove intersected by a female symbol and an equal sign, the emblem was donated by then 27 year old New York City advertising company graphic designer Valerie Pettis. It remains the official symbol of UN Women[19] and is used in International Women's Day celebrations to this day.[3][4][20][21]

See also


  1. ^ International Women's Day
  2. ^ a b c "1st World Conference on Women, Mexico 1975". Choike,  
  3. ^ a b U.N. Wants It to Be More Than a 'Ladies' Meeting' KATHLEEN TELTSCH, The New York Times, 10 May 1974.
  4. ^ a b Dangers on the Road to Complete Emancipation. Allison Dowie, Glasgow Herald, 22 October 1974.
  5. ^ Arvonne S. Fraser. Becoming Human: The Origins and Development of Women's Human Rights. Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 21, No. 4 (November, 1999), pp. 853–906.
  6. ^ WOMEN ON THE MOVE: Message from the Secretary-General, Gertrude Mongella, Secretariat of the Fourth World Conference on Women. United Nations. March 1994/No. 1.
  7. ^ Implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women. United Nations General Assembly. A/RES/40/108, 13 December 1985, 116th plenary meeting.
  8. ^ Mary K. Meyer, Elisabeth Prügl. Gender politics in global governance. Rowman & Littlefield, 1999 ISBN 978-0-8476-9161-6, pp. 178–181.
  9. ^ Anne Winslow. Women, politics, and the United Nations Volume 151 of Contributions in women's studies. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995 ISBN 978-0-313-29522-5, pp. 29–43.
  10. ^ Chadwick F. Alger. The future of the United Nations system: potential for the twenty-first century. United Nations University Press, 1998 ISBN 978-92-808-0973-2, pp. 252–254.
  11. ^ a b "International Women's Year, 1975".  
  12. ^ Text of resolution 3379:
    TAKING NOTE of the Declaration of Mexico on the Equality of Women and Their Contribution to Development and Peace 1975, proclaimed by the World Conference of the International Women's Year, held at Mexico City from 19 June to 2 July 1975, which promulgated the principle that "international co-operation and peace require the achievement of national liberation and independence, the elimination of colonialism and neo-colonialism, foreign occupation, Zionism, apartheid and racial discrimina as the recognition of the dignity of peoples and their right to self-determination".;
  13. ^
  14. ^  
  15. ^ "Forum 1975". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-07-15. 
  17. ^ "International Women's Year Conference Records". Thomas J. Dodd Research Center,  
  18. ^ "Women's Movement page 6".  
  19. ^ [ Graphic Standards]. UNIFEM Headquarters, United Nations Secretariat document, New York.
  20. ^ Dangers on the road to complete emancipation. The Glasgow Herald. 22. October 1974.
  21. ^ Dove Symbol for Women. Associated Press, The Calgary Herald. 10. May 1974.

External links

  • International Women's Day feature on the UN Women Watch site
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.