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Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain

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Title: Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain  
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Subject: Prince Philippe, Count of Paris, Henri, Count of Paris, Mercedes of Orléans, Antoine, Duke of Montpensier, Infante Antonio, Duke of Galliera
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Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain

Infanta Luisa Fernanda
Duchess of Montpensier

Infanta Luisa Fernanda
Spouse Prince Antoine d'Orléans, Duke of Montpnesier
Infanta María Isabel, Countess of Paris
María de las Mercedes, Queen of Spain
Infante Antonio, Duke of Galliera
Full name
María Luisa Fernanda
House House of Bourbon
Father Ferdinand VII of Spain
Mother Princess Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
Born (1832-01-30)30 January 1832
Royal Palace of Madrid, Spain
Died 2 February 1897(1897-02-02) (aged 65)
San Telmo Palace, Seville, Spain
Burial (1897-02-07)7 February 1897
Infantes Pantheon, Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
Religion Roman Catholicism

Infanta María Luisa Fernanda of Spain (30 January 1832 – 2 February 1897) was Infanta of Spain and Duchess of Montpensier. She was the youngest daughter of king Ferdinand VII of Spain and his fourth wife Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, the queen-regent, who was also his niece.



When her elder sister Isabella II of Spain succeeded to the throne, Infanta Luisa Fernanda was heiress-presumptive to the crown between 1833 and 1851, when Isabella's oldest surviving daughter was born.


Isabella had been engaged to their first cousin Francis, Duke of Cádiz, who was known to be homosexual and rumored impotent. Their kinsman, king Louis Philippe of France calculated that no children would be born from Isabella's marriage, and planned the crown of Spain to eventually devolve to his own grandchildren. For this purpose, Luisa Fernanda was engaged to Antoine, Duke of Montpensier (1824–90), the youngest son of king Louis Philippe, who also was Luisa's mother's first cousin.

Luisa Fernanda, only 14 years old, and Duke Antoine, 22, had their nuptials on 10 October 1846 as a double wedding with Isabella and Francis', and young Antoine was elevated to the rank of an Infante of Spain. The couple moved to Paris and later to Sevilla.

The relationship between Isabella and her sister was tense, due to Antoine's conspiracies against the queen.[1]

Antoine's father was deposed in 1848. The same year, the then 16-year-old Luisa Fernanda gave birth to their first child, Maria Isabel. After Isabella was deposed, the family went to exile. Luisa returned to Sevilla years later, already widowed, where she died.[1] She is buried at Escorial.


Luisa Fernanda and Antoine had nine children, but only five reached adulthood.[2]

Royal styles of
Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain, Duchess of Montpensier
Reference style Her Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Ma'am


Of all her children, just Marie Isabelle de Paris and Antonio di Galliera left issue. Through Antonio, the now non-royal line of dukes of Galliera continues. Alfonso's grandchildren lost royal status because of non-dynastic marriages. The current Duke of Galliera is Alfonso's great-grandson, Don Alfonso Francesco de Orléans-Borbón y Ferarra-Pignatelli.[2]

Through Marie Isabelle, she became great-grandmother of king Manuel II of Portugal, Dukes Amedeo II of Aosta, Aimone of Spoleto and Luis Felipe of Braganza; great-great-grandmother of king Juan Carlos I of Spain and Prince Henri d'Orléans, Count of Paris.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

  • 30 January 1832 – 10 October 1846: Her Royal Highness Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain
  • 10 October 1846 – 4 February 1890: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Montpensier
  • 4 February 1890 – 2 February 1897: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Montpensier

The Duchess's complete style, after her marriage, was: Su Alteza Real la Serenísma y Egregia Señora Infanta Doña Luisa Fernanda de Borbón y Borbón, Duquesa de Montpensier (in English: Her Royal Highness the Most Serene and Egregius Lady Infanta Doña Luisa Feranada de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier).




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