Archduchess maria dorothea of austria

Maria Dorothea of Austria
Duchess of Orléans

The Duchess of Orléans
Spouse Philippe, Duke of Orléans
Full name
Maria Dorothea Amalie
Father Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria
Mother Princess Clotilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Born (1867-06-14)14 June 1867
Alcsút, Austria–Hungary
Died 6 April 1932(1932-04-06) (aged 64)
Alcsút, Hungary
Burial Palatinal Crypt, Buda Castle, Budapest

Maria Dorothea of Austria,[1][2] full German name: Maria Dorothea Amalie, Erzherzogin von Österreich[1][2] (Maria Dorothea Amalie; 14 June 1867 – 6 April 1932) was a member of the Hungarian line of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and an Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Bohemia, Hungary, and Tuscany by birth. Through her marriage to Philippe, Duke of Orléans, Maria Dorothea was also a member of the House of Orléans. Philippe was the Orléanist claimant to the throne of France from 1894 to 1926 and known to Orléanist monarchists as "Philippe VIII of France." Thus, to Orléanist monarchists, Maria Dorothea was titular Queen of France from 1896 to 1926, and Dowager Queen of France until her death in 1932.


Maria Dorothea was the second-eldest daughter and child of Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria and his wife Princess Clotilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.[1][2] Through her father Joseph Karl, Maria Dorothea was the great-granddaughter of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor. Through her mother, she was the great-granddaughter of Louis-Philippe d'Orléans, King of the French.


Maria Dorothea married Philippe, Duke of Orléans, eldest son of Philippe, Count of Paris and his wife Princess Marie Isabelle of Orléans, on 5 November 1896 in Vienna.[1][2]

After several years of marriage, the couple's marriage deteriorated and Maria Dorothea began to spend more and more time each year at her family's estate in Alcsút. Nevertheless, in 1906, Philippe attempted to reconnect with his wife and went to Alcsút to convince her to settle with him at Manoir d'Anjou near Brussels. Maria Dorothea resisted the living arrangement and remained at Alcsút.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 14 June 1867 – 5 November 1896: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess & Princess Imperial Maria Dorothea of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia
  • 5 November 1896 – 28 March 1926: Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Duchess of Orléans
  • 28 March 1926 – 6 April 1932: Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Orléans



  • Poisson, Georges, Les Orléans, une famille en quête d'un trône, Perrin, Paris, 1999.
Archduchess Maria Dorothea of Austria
Cadet branch of the House of Lorraine
Born: 14 June 1867 Died: 6 April 1932
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Marie Isabelle d'Orléans
Queen consort of the French
Orléanist pretender to the French throne
5 November 1896 – 28 March 1926
Succeeded by
Isabelle d'Orléans
Queen consort of France and Navarre
Unionist pretender to the French throne
5 November 1896 – 28 March 1926
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