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Classical Mechanics


Classical mechanics describes the motion of macroscopic objects, from projectiles to parts of machinery, as well as astronomical objects, such as spacecraft, planets, stars, and galaxies. Within these domains, it produces very accurate results. And thus, is one of the oldest and largest subjects in science, engineering and technology.

 
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Diffusion in Copper and Copper Alloys Part Iv. Diffusion in System...

By: Daniel B. Butrymowicz

Technical Reference Publication

Excerpt: Organization of Review According to Alloy System. The present review is the second in a series designed to provide data on diffusion in copper and copper alloys. The first paper [I] in this series covered copper self diffusion. The present paper begins the coverage of diffusion in copper alloys with the copper-silver and copper-gold systems. Succeeding papers in this series will cover the remaining copper alloy systems. The term copper alloy system is interprete...

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New Englander and Yale Review : Volume 0018, Issue 72 November 186...

By: W. L. Kingsley

Description:The Yale Review is the self-proclaimed oldest literary quarterly in the United States. It is published by Yale University.

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Advances and Applications of DSmT for Information Fusion (Collecte...

By: Florentin Smarandache; Jean Dezert

This book is devoted to an emerging branch of Information Fusion based on new approach for modeling the fusion problematic when the information provided by the sources is both uncertain and (highly) conflicting. This approach, known in literature as DSmT (standing for Dezert-Smarandache Theory), proposes new useful rules of combinations. We gathered in this volume a presentation of DSmT from the beginning to the latest development. Part 1 of this book presents the curren...

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Ideal Gas Thermodynamic Properties of Ch, A+, +, F4, Halomethanes

By: Shanti A. Kudchadker

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: This work is the continuation of calculations of the thermodynamic properties of bromo- and iodomethanes 111. For this purpose, a systematic literature survey complete up to 1976 was carried out on vibrational frequencies, structural parameters and enthalpies of formation of mixed halomethanes, BraIb(X=H, F, Cl). Out of forty seven compounds of this type the vibrational frequencies were available for only twenty one compounds. The structural data and gaseou...

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Methanol Thermodynamic Properties from 176 to 673 K at Pressures

By: Robert D. Goodwin

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: Oxide materials are used or encountered in a wide variety of high-temperature applications where vaporization rates and thermodynamic stabilities are often limiting factors. The efficient design and operation of high-temperature devices and processes requires reliable information about the stability and volatility of these oxides so that vaporization losses and component lifetimes can be predicted. Despite continuing research efforts and the use of increasi...

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Electron Interactions with Cci2 F2

By: L.G. Christophorou

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: Dichlorodifluorornethane (CCl,F2) is an industrial gas, which was widely used as a refrigerant, a foam blowing agent, and an aerosol propellant. It is also a plasma processing and has been used as an additive in gas dielectric mixtures. Dichlorodifluoromethane is of atmospheric and environmental interest because it is an ozone depleting gas due...

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Temperature Dependence of Physical-Chemical Properties of Selected...

By: Wan-Ying Shiu

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: It has long been recognized that key physical-chemical properties which control the fare of organic chemicals in the environment, especially in air-water systems, are: aqueous solubility, vapor pressure, and Henry's law constant or the air-water partition coefficient. Values of these properties are generally reported in the literature at ambient or standard temperatures of 20 or 25 C. Environmentally important temperatures, however, vary considerably, thus ...

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Advances and Applications of DSmT for Information Fusion (Collecte...

By: Florentin Smarandache; Jean Dezert

This second book devoted on advances and applications of Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT) for information fusion collects recent papers from different researchers working in engineering and mathematics. Part 1 of this book presents the current state-of-the-art on theoretical investigations while, Part 2 presents several applications of this new theory. Some ideas in this book are still under current development or improvements, but we think it is important to propose the...

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Molecular Weight Dependence of Hydrodynamic and Thermodynamic Prop...

By: L.J. Fetters

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: For efficient technological applications of Si Te3 (see liability. Ref. 1, for example) it is desirable to understand the thermodynamics of its behavior not only at low temperatures...

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The Viscosity of Ammonia

By: A. Fenghour

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: The reactions catalyzed by these enzymes play significant roles in metabolic processes such as glycolysis, uxidativt: phosphorylation, glycogen and starch synthesis, and also in the action of muscles. The data presented herein are limited to equilibrium and calorimetric measurements performed on these reactions under in vitro conditions. Thus, the thermodynamic quantities which are given are apparent equilibrium constants K' and calorimetric enthalpies of r...

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The Calculated Thermodynamic Properties A4 Superfluid Helium-4

By: James S. Brooks

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: Liquid helium is a rewarding subject for the study of thermodynamic properties, especially because helium 11, the lower temperature phase, exhibits the property or super fluidity. The hydrodynamics of this phase are extraordinary: both normal viscous behavior and superflow may be exhibited in closely related experiments. Phenomenologically, one speaks of a two-fluid behavior in which the fluid (of density p) acts dynamically as if a fraction of effective de...

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The Rise of Peace : (Tuloo e Amn), Dedicated to all victims of ter...

By: Dr. Hafiz Shahid Amin

The Rise of Peace is an English version Of Urdu Novel“ Tuloo e Amn ” Dedicated to all victims of terrorist attacks (Muslims, Non Muslims) The Scenario… The Central Theme This Novel has been written in the context of present day fast changing political scenario of the world. Most important international burning issues have been touched in this novel in the most skilful and careful manner. Shall this peace seeking world ever reach the lasting peace..? There is de...

Bismillah Hirrahmaan Nirraheem In the name of Allah Almighty, The Most Gracious and The Most Merciful….The Most Beloved Prophet of Allah Almighty, Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) ************************************* A Novel in English and Urdu An English Version Of Urdu Novel“ Tuloo e Amn ” Author of Both Versions; Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Shahid Amin Sheikh (MBBS, DLO) Pakistan. Copy Rights are Reserved Copyright © 2011 Dr. Hafiz Shahid Amin All right...

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Quantum Computing

By: H. Kimble

Excerpt: As part of the 1995 Summer Study, the JASONS undertook an assessment of the field of quantum computing. The current flurry of activity in this field is fueled by the discovery in 1994 by P. Shor of an efficient quantum algorithm for finding the prime factors of large numbers. Because no classical algorithm of comparable efficiency is known, the supposed fundamental difficulty of the factoring problem has ensured the security of the RSA public key cryptosystem, w...

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Refractive Index of Silicon and Germanium and Its Wavelength and T...

By: H.H. Li

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: The refractive index of a material is one of its fundamental and useful optical properties. Accurate knowledge f the refractive index over a wide range of wavelength is indispensable for many applications. Although this property continues to receive attention for both industrial as well as purely scientific applications, the current state of the avail able data for certain widely used materials is less than adequate. While experimental results for the refra...

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The Solubility of Some Sparingly Soluble Lead Salts : An Evaluatio...

By: H. Lawrence Clever

Technical Reference Publication

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Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights of the Elements

By: Paul De Bievre

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: The first discovery of a stable isotope of an element, Ne, by J.J. Thomson in November 1912 started an era of more refined knowledge of the nature of the elements. This period continued until the report of the discovery of Ta by White, Collins and Rourke in 1955, the most recently reported new isotope. Tantalum had been previously believed to be mononuclidic with the only stable nuclide.

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Critical Review of Rate Constants for Reactions of Hydrated Electrons

By: George V. Buxton

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: In 1984, we published a survey of rate data for inelastic collision processes in diatomic halogen molecules; including both homonuclear (X, = Br, Cl, F, I,) and heteronuclear (XY = BrCl, BrF, BrI, ClF, ClI, and FI) species. Processes reviewed in the survey included electronic quenching, electronic t, vibrational energy transfer, vibrational relaxation, rotational relaxation, dephasing, depolarization, line broadening, and radiative decay. Theoretical treatm...

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Coupled Phase Diagram-Thermodynamic Analysis Of

By: Yves Dessureault

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: Molten salt systems involving alkali carbonates and sulfates are of importance in hot corrosion, in electrochemical cells such as the molten carbonate fuel cell, and in many chemical and metallurgical applications. The present article reports coupled critical evaluations of phase diagram and thermodynamic data for several binary communication systems involving the equations Li+, Na+, K+ and the anions C1-, CO:-, F-, NO; UH-, SO:-. It forms part of a continu...

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Estimation of the Thermodynamic Properties of C-H-N-O-S-Halogen Co...

By: Eugene S. Domalski

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: This paper is the second part of a communication on the group-additivity method for the estimation of the heat capacities of liquids as a function of temperature (93RUZIDOMl). The main objective of the project was to develop a second-order group-additivity method for organic compounds including both hydrocarbons and non-hydrocarbons. The method follows the definition of groups according to Benson and coworkers (58BENBUS, 69BENl CRU).

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Thermodynamic Properties of the Group Ia Elements

By: C.B: Alcock

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: The thermodynamic properties of SiTe(g) as a function of temperature with the desired high level of re- For efficient technological applications of Si-Te3 (see liability. Ref. 1, for example) it is desirable to understand the thermodynamics of its behavior not only at low temperatures...

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